NATIONAL PARKS TOURS COLOMBIA

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 

10 BEST FUN FACTS BOGOTA, COLOMBIA

  1. Bogotá, D.C. (“Distrito Capital”), is capital of Colombia;
  2. Bogotá is an Andes town at an elevation of about 2700 masl;
  3. The climate is moderate with day time high temperatures varying between 14 and 20 degrees;
  4. The population of Bogotá is estimated at 12,000,000;
  5. A cable cart and a Fulnicular take you up the Montserrat mountain;
  6. Almost two third of Colombia's tourism takes place in Bogota;
  7. Bogota is now one of the safest capitals of South America;
  8. Bogotá is the bicycle capital of Latin America;
  9. La Candelaria has been beautifully restored with many streets with cobbled stones;
  10. The Plaza Bolivar is the colonial heart of the Candelaria.

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Bogotá, capital of Colombia is home to 8 million inhabitants.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Old town, Bogota, better known as the Calandaria.

Bogotá, capital of Colombia is home to 8 million inhabitants.

Old town, Bogota, better known as the Calandaria has many fabulous colonial and 19th century buildings and romantic streets.

Climate of Bogota

BOGOTA, CLIMATE GRAPHS

Bogota Climate Graphs

 it never gets really hot nor really cold. When looking at the annual precipitation climate graph of Bogotá, there is a concerning decline in annual precipitation, which could be a concerning trend related to climate change.

 

Bogotá climate graphs show that Bogota has a spring-like climate; in fact, it is a very pleasant climate resulting form its position in the tropics at a high elevation (2,700 masl). Temperatures only vary moderately throughout the year, while daytime highs vary from 15 - 20° and nighttime lows between 5 - 10°C. Freezing temperatures don't occur in the city, but may occur in the highest neighborhoods. Temperatures above 25°C are also uncommon.

Best time to visit Bogotá

Bogota also has wet and dry seasons with the rainiest months being March, April, May, October, November with averages of above 80 -90 mm. The driest month is July with an average of 35 milimeters. Snow is is unknown but hailstorms may occur. With as many as 220 foggy mornings per year, making those a frequent event.

 

So, the driest months coincide with the vacation periods in the USA and Europe: December - January and July - August. These are also the months with the greatest amount of sunshine showcasing Bogotá in those deep blue skies that are typical for high elevations, particularly in the tropics. In short, those are the best times to visit Bogotá.

 

Climate data for Bogotá (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.4
79.5
25.2
77.4
26.6
79.9
24.4
75.9
25.0
77.0
28.6
83.5
25.0
77.0
23.3
73.9
26.0
78.8
25.1
77.2
25.6
78.1
24.4
75.9
28.6
83.5
Average high °C (°F) 20.2
68.4
20.3
68.5
19.4
66.9
20.1
68.2
19.0
66.2
19.2
66.6
18.6
65.5
18.8
65.8
19.2
66.6
19.5
67.1
19.6
67.3
19.9
67.8
19.6
67.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
57.7
14.5
58.1
14.9
58.8
14.9
58.8
15.0
59.0
14.5
58.1
14.6
58.3
14.1
57.4
14.3
57.7
14.3
57.7
14.4
57.9
14.6
58.3
14.4
57.9
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
45.7
8.4
47.1
9.5
49.1
9.7
49.5
9.7
49.5
9.5
49.1
9.2
48.6
8.9
48.0
8.7
47.7
9.0
48.2
9.2
48.6
8.0
46.4
9.0
48.2
Record low °C (°F) −1.5
29.3
−5.2
22.6
−0.4
31.3
0.2
32.4
0.2
32.4
1.1
34.0
0.4
32.7
0.4
32.7
0.3
32.5
1.8
35.2
0.5
32.9
−1.1
30.0
−5.2
22.6
Av. rain mm (in.) 50
2.0
68
2.7
91
3.6
135
5.3
120
4.7
54
2.1
35
1.4
45
1.8
70
2.8
137
5.4
127
5.0
81
3.2
1,012
39.8
Av. rainy days 9 12 14 18 19 17 15 14 16 21 16 11 181
Av. rel. humidity (%) 75 76 75 77 77 75 74 74 75 76 77 76 76
Sunshine hrs 156 128 107 88 83 94 114 117 109 96 103 138 1,328
Sunshine (%) 41.9 38.1 28.8 24.4 22.3 26.1 30.6 31.4 30.3 25.8 28.6 37.1 30.5
Source: Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM)

 

Climate data for Bogotá
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily daylight hrs 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12.0
Average UV index 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11+ 11
 
 

BOGOTA, CLIMATE GRAPH: Montly RainfallBOGOTA, CLIMATE GRAPH: Montly Rainfall and Temperature

BOGOTA, CLIMATE GRAPH: Yearly Rainfal 1975 - 2010

Why consider booking our Colombia National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Colombia is famous, and on top of that, you get to see 7 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Colombia can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Bogota and surrounding Andes, Caribbean Coast and the Amazon of Ecuador; the latter for the Colombian Amazon still not being recommended for foreign visitors. Colombia is a very large country, so you need to fly. To do so at hardly any additional costs, you need to book both Bogota and Cartagena - and Quito if you want to include the Amazon module - in your international ticket.

Destinations Overview:  Bogota old town, Cartagena, Villa de Leyva Zipaguira Salt Mine Church, Chingaza Reserve, Iguaque National Park, Flamencos Reserve, Cienega Mangroves Reserve, Lake Fuquene, Tayrona National Park, Manaure Salt Flats.

Distrito Capital, Colombia DC

Bogotá, D.C. (“Distrito Capital”), is capital of Colombia. It lies in the central Andes of Colombia at an elevation of about 2,700 masl between the Guadalupe and Montserrat mountains, each with imposing churches. The center of the city and the first neighborhood, the Candelaria, is laid out in a grid pattern plazas, or squares, including the Plaza Bolívar, with the principal public buildings and churches.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Sagrario Chapel exterior and the Cardinal's Palace.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Sagrario Chapel entrance.

The Sagrario Chapel exterior on the Bolivar Plaza with the Cardinal's Palace, next door.

The Sagrario Chapel entrance.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Capilla El Sagrario, interior: the Pulpit.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Capilla El Sagrario, interior: the Pulpit stairs.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Capilla El Sagrario, interior: the organ.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Capilla El Sagrario, interior: the dome.

Capilla El Sagrario, interior: the Pulpit, the organ, the dome.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Primada or National Cathedral and Capilla Sagrada and Cardinal's Palace.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The National Capitol.

The Primada or National Cathedral, Capilla Sagrada and the Cardinal's Palace.

The National Capitol.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Plaza Bolivar from above.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Plaza Bolivar with the Lieviano Plalace.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Plaza Bolivar with the Bartolome highschool.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Plaza Bolivar with the Justice  Plalace

The Plaza Bolivar with the Lieviano Plalace, the Cardonal's Palace and the San Bartolome Highschool, and the Palace of Justice.

 

European settlement in 1538, when Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada conquered Bacatá from the Chibcha Indians. It was named Santa Fé de Bacatá, which was soon corrupted to Bogotá. Soon it became the capital of the viceroyalty of New Granada and a centre of Spanish colonial power. As capital and archiepiscopal see of the colonial viceroyalty of New Granada, the city became an early religious and intellectual center. Alexander von Humboldt called it (c.1800) the Athens of America in honor of its cultural and scientific institutions. Among them were the first astronomical observatory in South America, founded by José Celestino Mutis. The French Revolution inspired Antonio Nariño and others to resist Spanish rule. In 1810–11, its citizens revolted against Spanish rule but still had to contend with Spanish loyalists until 1819, when Santander and Bolívar conquered the city after winning the Battle of Boyacá, about an hour north of town. In 1821 the city became capital of Gran Colombia, a confederation of the present republics of Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, and Colombia. As the federation was dissolved in 1830, Bogota remained the capital of New Granada, later renamed the Republic of Colombia.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Casa de Nariño Presidential Palace: from the side.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Casa de Nariño Presidential Palace: Main gate with guardBOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Presidential guard.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Casa de Nariño Presidential Palace: garden

The Casa de Nariño Presidential Palace: from the side; the main gates with the palace guards; palace guard close up; The palace garden.

 

Power struggles and geographic isolation, stunted Bogotá’s growth and prosperity in the 19th and 20th centuries. In April 1948 riots destroyed many buildings in a wave of violence, known as the bogotazo and unrest continued in Bogotá until 1958, when the Liberal and Conservative parties reached a settlement. In 1955, Bogotá and the surrounding area were organized as a Special District of 1,588 sq km. It houses the Congress, Supreme Court of Justice and the center of the executive administration as well as the residence of the President (Casa de Nariño). These buildings, along with the Office of the Mayor, the Lievano Palace (Palacio Liévano), are located within a few meters from each other on the Plaza de Bolívar. The square is located in the city's historical center, La Candelaria, which features Colonial and Baroque buildings. The neighborhood is full of cobblestone streets and centuries-old houses.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Old town Bogota, the Calandaria, with cobbled streets.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Old town Bogota, the Calandaria with houses with balconies BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Old town Bogota, the Calandaria, with cobbled streets, houses with balconies.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Old town Bogota, the Calandaria, with mansions with patios, like the Sociedad Mansion.

Old town Bogota, the Calandaria, with cobbled streets, houses with balconies and mansions with patios, like the Sociedad Mansion.

 

Other cultural institutions located in or near the Candelaria, include the Botanical Institute, the National Conservatory of Music, the National Museum, the Botero Museum, the Military Museum, the National Astronomical Observatory, the National Library, and the Columbus Theatre. There are also a planetarium, a museum of natural history, several modern art galleries, and the Gold Museum, which houses the world’s largest collection of pre-Columbian gold objects.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: José Celestino Mutis commissioned the building of the Astronomical Observatory in the early 1800sBOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: In the early 1900s Gabriel Eccheverry commissioned Gaston Lelarge to build the Eccheverry Palace

José Celestino Mutis commissioned the building of the Astronomical Observatory in the early 1800s, being the first observatory in the Americas.

In the early 1900s Gabriel Eccheverry commissioned Gaston Lelarge to build the Eccheverry Palace on the former premises of the Santa Clara church by Gabriel.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Colon Theater of Bogota.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Plaza de los Toros de Santa María is a nice-looking brick building.

The Colon Theater of Bogota.

The Plaza de los Toros de Santa María is a nice-looking brick building built for bull fighting. In some neighborhoods, many buildings high-rises are covered with bricks giving a homey feel to those streets.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Santa Clara Church Museum.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The Military Museum.

The Santa Clara Church Museum.

The Military Museum.

 

The San Agustin Church, exterior.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: The San Agustin Church, interior.

The San Agustin Church, exterior.

The San Agustin Church, interior.

Population

The population of Bogotá is estimated to be 8 million, but above that number is an estimated floating (non registered) population of some 4 million people, most of them being migrant workers from other departments and displaced people, not counting the influx of Venezuelans.

Tourism

Almost two third of the tourism in Colombia takes place in Bogotá. There are many hotels in the La Candelaria at a great variety of prices and luxury, although many modern hotels are now located near the airport and in the South of the city. The city is rich in splendid colonial architecture, notably the cathedral and the churches of San Ignacio and San Francisco. Bogotá has Latin America's largest network of bicycle routes, called 'Ciclorutas'. On Sunday's and public holidays, many main and secondary roads are closed to cars for the Ciclovia from 07:00 - 14:00 so people can run, bicycle, inline skate or just watch from the side. There are refreshment stands along the way and most parks host some type of event such as yoga, dancing, stretching, spinning, etc. Numerous parks adorn the city and its outskirts. Other tourist attractions include the 157 m Tequedama Falls, about 32 km to the south, and the tram and cable cars and funicular that climb 550 m to the church and shrine atop Montserrat mountain with a spectacular view over the city and some fine restaurants. A short distance from the city is the Salto de Tequendama waterfall and the underground cathedral at the salt mines of Zipaquirá. Bogotá's water is quite drinkable, although the water has the taste of chlorine. There are no tropical diseases because of its altitude. Altitude sickness may cause discomfort to some, but that would not last long.

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Montserrat hill from the distance.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: Montserrat ticketing office.BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: the Montserrat Fulnicular vertical trainBOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: the Fulnicular vertical train

Montserrat Mountain from the distance; Montserrat ticketing office; the Fulnicular vertical train; Montserrat Church with Christmas decorations.

Universities

Some of Colombia's universities are among the oldest in the Americas and even match in age a number of famous European universities. The Xavier Pontifical University (1622) and the University of Santo Tomás (1580) are among the several excellent universities in Bogotá.

Economics

Economically Bogotá has some industries, like a tire plant as well as some chemical and pharmaceutical industries, but it is primarily a center of commerce. The stock exchange was established in 1928 and all the main banks have their headquarters in the city.

Transportation

For transportation, it is the hub of of Avianca (Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia), the first commercial airline in South America and after the integration of TACA Airlines, the second largest airline of all Latin America, including Brazil. Outdated railroads connect Bogotá with the Caribbean coast to the north and via Puerto Berrío with the Pacific coast to the west. Bogotá is on the Colombian section of the Pan-American and Simón Bolívar highways and has road connections with all major Colombian cities. Transport within the city is offered by public transportation and taxis, which require fixing a price before entering

 

BOGOTA, COLOMBIA, FUN FACTS: TransMilenio Map.

 

What makes us different from so many other tour operators?

Just look at the quality of our high resolution pictures. We took them all ourselves. We have thousands of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. These pictures show that we have been everywhere in the country of your interest and really know the details. We are professional explorers and biologists with MSc and PhD.

 

National Parks Tours Worldwide, a social responsibility and conservation company, is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA.

 

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Telephone: (++593)(02) 2 50 5310, Cell phone: (++593) (0) 96 29 35 271

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Parks Man Dr. Daan Vreugdenhil is author of this website. He dedicated his life to the conservation of nature. https://www.facebook.com/DrDaanVreugdenhil, https://www.linkedin.com/in/drdaanvreugdenhil/. He was part of the team that selected the first 39 protected areas of Ecuador, including. Yasuní and Cuyabeno, the latter of which he he later recommended to be expanded from originally 150,000ha to 600,000ha, together with then Cuyabeno director Prof. Dr. Flavio Coello and Parks and Tribes partner. Daan is also the founding father of the Cuyabeno Lodge and co-manager of the Cofan Lodge.