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20 FACTS ABOUT THE NAZCA LINES

20 NAZCA LINES FACTS & OTHER HIGHLIGHTS: Paredones pyramids, Andes, vecuñas, coastal wildlife and sandboarding world's highest dune

20 Nazca Lines Facts

The Nazca Lines are geoglyphs laid out in the plains or pampas of the Peruvian desert near the city of Nazca. Carved out in the gravely planes by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 AD, some 400 different configurations represent geometric figures and shapes of people, animals and plants, the most illustrious of which have received popular names, like "condor, whale or orca, hummingbird, lizard, monkey, spiral", etc. The lines - the largest ones are almost 300m in size - have been made by removing the reddish pebbles from the desert floor, thus uncovering the lighter soil underneath. By about 700AD, the culture vanished, leaving behind the mysterious geoglyphs and the ruins of Cahuachi - aka Paredones. Many smaller sites have been found from where pottery and textiles have been uncovered, all testimonials to the advanced culture and technology of these people.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Peru is so famous, and on top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site LimaWorld Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

Since the first studies about the purpose of the Nazca Lines were carried out by Paul Kosok and Maria Reiche in the early 1940s, as many theories have popped up as the scientists studying them. One theory went as far as accrediting the lines to aliens. With no written records from the people who made them we will never know, and isn't it enough that they are simply there as a mysterious testimony about  a culture that disappeared more than a millennium ago?

 

Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, many designs have been well-preserved due to the dry, windless, and stable climate of the plateau as well as the protection by the Government of Peru, that prohibits any alteration or occupation of the lands that threaten the figures.

 

Nazca lines: Maria Reiche Neuman Airport for Nazca lines flights

Nazca lines: Nazca Lines flight

Nazca Lines Flight services from Maria Reiche Neuman Airport in Nazca.

Flight crew

 

 

An aerial overview of the Nazca desert from a Nazca Lines flight.

Nazca lines: Astronaut

Nazca lines: Condor

Astronaut

Condor

 

 

Nazca lines: Dinosaur

Nazca lines: Mysterious faces

Dinosaur

Mysterious faces

   

Nazca lines: Headless bird

Nazca lines: Hands

Headless bird

Hands

   

Nazca lines: Hummingbird

Nazca lines: Heron

Hummingbird

Heron

   

Nazca lines: Observation Tower

Nazca lines: Monkey

Observation tower from the air

Monkey

   

Nazca lines: Spiral

Nazca lines: Parrot

Spiral

Parrot

   

Nazca lines: Spider

Nazca lines: Whale

Spider

Whale

 

 

Nazca lines: Cahuachi ruins.

Nazca lines: Paredones ruins.

Cahuachi or Paredones ruins are an archaeological site about 15 minutes away from the outskirts of the town of Nazca. In fact, Nazca Lines can be seen from some of the higher points in the surrounding hills.

 

Nazca Climate

CLIMATE IN NAZCA, PERU. INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Nazca lies at an elevation of around 500 m and has a desert climate, due to the Humboldt current. Often the days begin with an overcast sky, but clouds disappear by 9:00 - 10:00, allowing for flights over the Nazca lines. Down at the coast of San Fernando National Reserve, the climate is even drier, with hardly any precipitation at all. The little vegetation that one finds there probably depends on moisture brought in by nightly fogs.

 

As one rises from Nazca to Pampa Galeras, humidity gradually rises, while temperatures fall, which makes for fascinating desert vegetation transitions over very short distances.

Climate of Nazca

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

30.7
(87.3)

31.3
(88.3)

31.3
(88.3)

30.4
(86.7)

28.3
(82.9)

27.1
(80.8)

25.3
(77.5)

26.5
(79.7)

28.3
(82.9)

28.9
(84)

29.8
(85.6)

30.0
(86)

28.99
(84.17)

Average low °C (°F)

16.8
(62.2)

17.8
(64)

16.9
(62.4)

14.8
(58.6)

12.2
(54)

9.3
(48.7)

7.9
(46.2)

9.3
(48.7)

10.1
(50.2)

11.5
(52.7)

12.4
(54.3)

14.9
(58.8)

12.83
(55.07)

Precipitation mm (inches)

2
(0.08)

2
(0.08)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

4
(0.16)

Source: Climate-data.org (UN), Climate of Nazca

 

 

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