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HUACA RAJADA, SIPAN, PERU

Huaca Rajada, Sipán, Peru

Huaca Rajada, or Sipán, is a Moche Pyramid near Chiclayo, Peru in the Lambayeque Valley, famous for the tomb of the Lord of Sipán, excavated by Walter Alva and his wife Susana Meneses in 1987. The ruins of Sipán are dated from 50–700 AD, during the Moche culture. The tombs themselves are made of adobe bricks like all other Moche pyramids.

 

Royal tombs were discovered after the discovery of an infamous looting and the following scientific excavation took place between 1987–1990. The looting could be stopped and much of the site could still be salvaged as many artifacts were still in place. As a result much more of the Moche rulers and traditions could be understood.  The tombs at Sipán showed that rulers actually took part in sacrifice ceremonies when looking at the artifacts uncovered including: adornments and a headdresses that matched the illustrations of the ceremonies along with large knives and tools that would have been used for bloodletting and decapitation.

 

During the excavations in 1987–1990, a spectacular treasure of gold and silver ornamental and ceremonial artifacts was recovered, dating to AD 50–300. These objects demonstrate the outstanding craftsmanship of the Moche metalsmiths through their use of elaborate and advanced metalworking techniques. Moche smiths made these artifacts out of thin sheets of copper alloys, using electrochemical processes to purify an extremely thin (0.5–2.0 μm) layers of gold or silver coating.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Museum.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: warrrior.

Site Museum, Huaca Rajada.

Site Museum, Huaca Rajada, grave contents.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Museum mummy of lord.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Royal grave.

Site Museum, Huaca Rajada, grave contents.

Site Museum, Huaca Rajada, grave replica.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Museum masks.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Grave site.

Site Museum, Huaca Rajada, mask replicas.

Huaca Rajada, house or room.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Top of pyramide.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Grave of Lord.

Huaca Rajada, ruins.

Huaca Rajada, grave excavation.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Royal grave.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Grave of kings

Huaca Rajada, grave with content replica.

Huaca Rajada, burial site with content replica.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Royal Tumbes of Chipan Museum.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Lord of Sipan Museum.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Museo Tumbes Reales de Sipan.

The conspicuous Royal Tumbes of Sipán Museum.

 

HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Lord of Sipán display.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Collar at museumHUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: Ornamental at museum.HUACA REJADA, SIPAN, PERU: golden broche.

Scene and ornamentals of the Lord of Sipán grave.

 

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