NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU

  1. With nine and a half million hectares, the Amazonian watershed of Peru covering 75% of the entire territory of Peru;

  2. The rainforest of the Amazon covers about 60% of of Peru;

  3. Only about a tenth of the population of Peru lives in the Amazon Region;

  4. Most small indigenous tribes live in the Amazon Rainforest;

  5. The Amazon Region produces most of the country's resources: oil, gold and hardwood;

  6. Peru has the third-largest area covered by rainforest after Colombia and Brazil;

  7. the Amazon rainforest of Peru is among the the world's top 5 most biologically diverse areas;

  8. There are only about 10 major ecosystems in the Amazon lowlands;

  9. Peru belongs to the world's top 5 richest countries in numbers of birds and mammals;

  10. Protected areas are Manu National Park, Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, the Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve and the Tamshiyacu Tahuayo Regional Conservation Area;

The 10 Facts about the Amazon Rainforest of Peru

The tropical rainforest of the Amazon of Peru, or "la Selva" covers about 60% of of Peru, but just about of a tenth of the Peruvians live there. The Amazon stretches from the high Andes via the Andean foothills to the almost flat, tropical lowlands. It is in this region, and particularly the lowlands, where Peru's biodiversity is by far the richest. Peru has the second-largest area covered by rainforest after Brazil.

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Amazon jungle seen from the air. MANU NATIONAL PARK WILDIFE: Jungle tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Above: Giant tree in the jungle.

 

Lefts: The Amazon rainforest as seen from above.

 

The Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana, IIAP) in Iquitos, has been exploring the Amazon Rainforest of Peru for more than 4 decades.  The Peruvian Amazon watershed measures an astonishing  9,692,247 ha, covering 75% of the entire territory of Peru and some  16% of the entire Amazon basin.

 

The main rivers are: Apurimac, Mantaro, Amazon, Urubamba, Ucayali, Huallaga, Marañón, Putumayo, Yavarí, Napo, Pastaza, Madre de Dios, Manu, Purus, and Tigre. The Peruvians consider the Apurimac River as the source of the Amazon River, but all Andean-Amazon countries have a different river which they consider the source. The most Important protected areas are Manu National Park, Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, the Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve and the Tamshiyacu Tahuayo Regional Conservation Area.

 

BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: The mouth of the Cuyabeno River.BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: extended swamps characterize the forest.

River landscape in the Amazon Region.

Riparian forest.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places Peru is so famous for. On top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site Lima,  World Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

Ecology of the Amazon Rainforest of Peru

Ecologically the following ecosystems prevail in the lowlands of the Amazon Rainforest of Peru between 80 m in the east and up to 1000 m into the Andean foothills in the west:

  1. frequently flooded forests or swamps, traversed by sediment-poor dark rivers with a vegetation dominated by Mauritia flexuosa palms;

  2. occasionally flooded forests fed by sediment-rich rivers, or varzea;

  3. Near the border of Ecuador, dwarf forests semi-permanently flooded by black-water rivers, or igapo, are formed by "bonsai shaped" Macrolobium trees covered with thick layers of epiphytes, like ferns, bromeliads, orchids and mosses;

  4. well-drained forest, located on undulating terrain that is found from the foothills unti the border with Brazil. The hilliest and best-drained forest is found in the upper watershed;

  5. dark  or black-water sediment-poor rivers, among other things near Iquitos;

  6. "coffee-with_milk" colored sediment-rich rivers, particular the main rivers;

  7. semi-permanent lakes, with the most extensive ones at the border with Ecuador;

  8. Extremely species poor dwarf forests on white sands, with good examples near Iquitos.

The flora and fauna of the eastern slopes of the Andes, often referred to the Rupa Rupa region, extend from about 4000 - 1000 masl, vary with the elevation levels, while in this area endemism is greatest, much larger than in the well-connected lowlands.

 

Like the jungles of Colombia and Ecuador, the Peruvian Amazon rainforest is among the the world's most biologically diverse areas. Peru is among the 3 countries that claim to have the greatest number of bird species in the world together with Brazil and Colombia, but the latter two are the more likely candidates.

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Blue and Yellow Macaw in Cuyabeno Park10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Hummingbird in the Amazon10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Hoatzin, Opisthocomus hoazin, in flight10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Scarlet Macaw, Ara macao, in the Amazon Jungle

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Amazon Darter10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  Blue and Yellaw Macaw10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:   White-collared swift, Streptoprocne zonaris10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU:  American Darter

Harpy Eagle, Muscovy Duck, Hoatzin, Scarlet Macaw, Common Potoo, Blue and Yellow Macaw, Chestnut-fronted Macaw, Amarican Darter all live in the Amazon region of Peru.

 

While it has the third-largest number of mammals, Peru is also home to many other Amazon fauna like reptiles, amphibians fishes, butterflies and a great variety of trees and plants of which you can see many more here.

 

MANU NATIONAL PARK WILDIFE:JAGUARMANU NATIONAL PARK ANIMALS: Tapir

Jaguar.

The Lowland Tapir is not rare, but rarely seen.

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Amazon visitors enjoy orchid at Cuyabeno, Ecuador10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Beautiful flowers enlighten Amazon visits in Ecuador.AMAZON FOREST PLANTS, ECUADOR: Amazon rainforest plants include the Orchids growing in Cuyabeno. 10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Heliconia in the Amazon tropical Rainforest seen when visiting the Amazon in Ecuador.

Some of the jungle flowers you may find along the way, depending on the season.

 

Taxa Number of known species Percentage of world's species
In the world In Peru In the Peruvian Amazon In Peru Of Peru in the Peruvian Amazon
Amphibians 5,125 403 262 8 65
Birds 9,672 1,816 806 19 44
Flowering plants 263,537 17,144 7,372 7 43
Ferns 10,000 2000 700 10 70
Mammals 4,629 462 293 10 63
Butterflies (Lepidoptera) 16,000 3,366 2,500 21 74
Fish (river fish) 8,411 900 697 11 77
Reptiles 7,855 395 180 5 46

This table was elaborated by Edwin Jesús Villacorta Monzón, with data from many sources.

People in the Amazon Rainforest of Peru

The following towns are the most populous:

Main towns of the Amazon Region of Peru

Town # Inhabitants Department Elevation

in masl

Iquitos 500,000 Loreto 100
Pucallpa 380,000 Ucayali 150
Yurimaguas 140,000 Loreto 180
Puerto Maldonado 104,000 Madre de Dios 140
Tarapoto 181,000 San Martín 350
Jaén 87,000 Cajamarca 750
Moyobamba 77,000 San Martín 850
Bagua 65,000 Amazonas 400
Rioja 60,000 San Martín 850

 

Moreover, The Peruvian Amazon is home to a variety of indigenous tribes, like the Aguaruna, Cocama-Cocamilla and the Urarina, some living in rather remote areas.

 

BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: Cuyabeno Entry station for Amazon Visitors in EcuadorBEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: Cofan shaman with village children.

Learning how to shoot with a blowgun.

Indigenous people of the Amazon.

 

The Peruvian government granted non-transferable licenses to local inhabitants permitting small-scale logging. Logging companies however, started paying and soon an illegal, large-scale logging industry took root. The National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA) has never been able to adequately enforce the law and deforestation has been going on for decades.

 

Another illegal activity is the gold mining in the Department of Madre de Dios, which is extremely destructive to the environment. As the new "Interoceanic Highway" Improved access, there are now some 30,000 miners, who pollute the waters with mercury, the solvent metal to extract gold, while   the landscape is torn open by the mining activities.

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Gold mining Peru.10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: goldmining Peru causing ugly  scars in the landscape.10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Goldmining in Madre di Dios, Peru

 

While illegal economic activities continue to plague the region, ecotourism has not been able to offer many alternatives. For one, the region is too isolated and remote, making the few services extremely costly because of transportation costs. Moreover, there are no small slow-flowing creeks with lakes, other than at the border with Ecuador, to which it is extremely difficult and costly to travel from the Peruvian side. Ecotourism along the big rivers does not offer the kind of convenient ecotourism for which the Cuyabeno National Park in Ecuador is so famous. Only Many National Park offers a great ecotourism experience at a reasonable price. Alternatively, one can make a combined trip Ecuador - Peru to include a 4 day's Amazon experience in Cuyabeno.

 

BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: navigating up the Imuyo River.BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: Resting in hammocks at the Cofan Lodge when visiting the Amazon in Ecuador.

Most ecotourism is done from motorized canoes, while.

accommodations are in rustic small lodges.

 

BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: Taking a plunge in Lagarto Cocha lakes. BEST TROPICAL ADVENTURE TOURS AND TRAVEL [ECUADOR]: excursion in Cuyabeno.

After a days' excursion it is very refreshing to take a dive into a river.

On excursion in an oxbow lake in Manu National Park.

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Amazon jungle flowering.10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Amazon forest in the dry season with some trees shedding their leaves.

Sometimes, you will see trees flowering, but always as part of a very varied jungle, where no tree species will ever dominate the landscape.

During the "dry season" - which is never truly dry, just less rainy - some trees will shed their leaves.

 

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON OF PERU: INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Climate of the Amazon of Peru

The climate of Puerto Maldonado is representative for the climate of the Amazon of Peru in de south, including for the lowlands of Manu National Park. However, as the Park ranges from 4000+m to about 200m, one cannot really speak about "the climate of Manu".

 

With an average temperature of 26 °C the climate of the lowlands is hot and humid,  with August and September being the hottest. Annual precipitation exceeds 1,000 mm, with the rainiest season lasts from October to April. An interesting phenomenon, the surazo or friaje is a south-polar wind coming in from the mountains in the south, when temperature may  drop to below 10 °C .

 

Climate in the Amazon of Peru: Puerto Maldonado, Peru 1961-1990

Location of weather station : 12.6 S, 69.2 W, altitude : 256 m

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Jan

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Feb

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Mar

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Apr

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May

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Jun

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Jul

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Aug

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Sep

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Oct

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Nov

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Dec

Mean Maximum
Temperature °C

30.9

30.7

31.0

30.7

29.8

29.0

29.6

31.2

32.0

32.0

31.6

31.1

Mean Minimum
Temperature °C

21.4

21.2

20.9

20.3

18.8

17.4

16.8

17.8

18.8

20.4

21.1

21.3

Rainfall Amount mm

342.6

333.4

274.9

154.2

105.5

57.6

56.8

63.3

98.1

164.4

236.9

279.3

 

In Northern Peru, the climate is somewhat different as you can see from the climate data of Iquitos:

Climate in the Northern Amazon of Peru:  Iquitos, Peru 1961-1990

Location of weather station : 3.7 S, 73.2 W, altitude : 126 m

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Jan

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Mar

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Apr

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May

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Jun

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Jul

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Aug

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Oct

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Nov

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Dec

Mean Maximum
Temperature °C

31.6

31.7

31.9

31.0

30.6

30.4

30.9

31.6

32.1

31.9

31.9

31.7

Mean Minimum
Temperature °C

22.1

22.0

22.1

22.1

21.9

21.3

20.8

21.1

21.4

21.8

22.1

23.2

Rainfall Amount (mm)

279.0

226.7

279.0

309.8

273.7

190.1

181.9

164.6

189.0

241.9

260.2

282.4

 

The climate of the Amazon of Peru varies greatly with elevation, the distance from the equator and how far east of the Andes one is located.

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU: Amazon weather.CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU: extended swamps characterize the forest.

While it is one of the wettest regions on earth, most days also several hours of sunshine occur.

 

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: The border of the Cuyabeno Wildlife Reserve is a huge swamp area.10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Lagarto Cocha along the Peruvian border is a huge swamp area.

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU: Along the border with Peru, Cuyabeno Reserve of Ecuador is an enormous swamp.Epiphytes in the Amazon Jungle

At the border with Ecuador is a dense network of creeks and lakes, where

Macrolobium trees form mystic swamps with their bonsai shaped truncs.

10 FACTS ABOUT THE AMAZON RAINFOREST OF PERU

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Parks Man Dr. Daan Vreugdenhil is author of this website. He dedicated his life to the conservation of nature. https://www.facebook.com/DrDaanVreugdenhil, https://www.linkedin.com/in/drdaanvreugdenhil/. He was part of the team that selected the first 39 protected areas of Ecuador, including. Yasuní and Cuyabeno, the latter of which he he later recommended to be expanded from originally 150,000ha to 600,000ha, together with then Cuyabeno director Prof. Dr. Flavio Coello and Parks and Tribes partner. Daan is also the founding father of the Cuyabeno Lodge and co-manager of the Cofan Lodge.