NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: More than 400,000 species recorded! Great info & pix of orchids, bromelias, heliconias, strangling vines, etc

 

Peru Amazon Rainforest Plants and Flowers Facts

In fact, for the Peru Amazon Rainforest Plants and Flowers, the permanent warm humid climate of the Amazon region without winters and only moderate dry seasons allow for many more species to service than anywhere else in the world. The Peruvians claim the Peru Amazon rainforest plants and trees to be the richest in the world, but so do biologists of Colombia and Ecuador. And it does not really matter, because there are so many species throughout the Andean Amazon region, that the Amazon rainforests of Peru is truly and amazingly diverse plant and tree paradise.

Of the Peruvian mega parks, the Manu National Park certainly is the most accessible one and with lots of low, epiphyte clad trees.

 

Where the plant diversity is so rich, one rarely finds that a single plant dominates the jungle. In the Amazon rainforest, flowers show up, one jewel at the time. On this page, we show pictures of flowers and mushrooms from our rich collection. Hopefully we will meet soon when we explore the Amazon together.

 

It is interesting to realize that the sunlight in a mature jungle hardly reaches the forest floor. As a result, few plant species can live there. In response many plants that may live high up on trees as Epiphytes. They can grow on trunks, branches, leaves as well as on top of other Epiphytes. Thus, each Amazon tree has become an ecosystem by itself with many different plant species growing on its branches, such as Bromeliads, Orchids, Cacti, Aroids, mosses, ferns and lichens. Our guides will tell you all about it as well as about the birds and other Amazon Jungle Animals as well as Amazon Rainforest Plants.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places Peru is so famous for. On top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site Lima,  World Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Epiphytes are common Amazon rainforest plants in Cuyabeno, EcuadorPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Epiphytes on Macrolobia are common Amazon rainforest plants in the marshes of the Cuyabeno Lake, Ecuador

Epiphytes form complete micro-ecosystems in the trees.

 

Bromeliads

With in excess of 2,000 species of Bromeliads, they're are very prominently present in Manu National Park, particularly in the cloud forest at higher elevations. While a few may live on the forest floor, most of them live on branches as Epiphytes. It is interesting to see how leaves of Bromeliads wrap around their own stems thus forming little cavities that catch rain water. In absence of preditors, these little water bodies give shelter to aquatic animals such as amphibian larvae: are commonly found in them. Other critters include snails, beetles, mosquito larvae, etc. When they die, they become fertilizers to their host plant. With colors like purple, blue, orange and red, Bromeliad are becoming more and more popular as ornamental plants. Of course, you already know the most popular Bromeliad, the Pine Apple.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Bromelia are Amazon rainforest plants growing at the Cuyabeno LodgePERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Bromelias are Amazon rainforest plants growing on Macrolobial Trees at Cuyabeno.

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Bromelias are becoming popular for the homesPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Water accumulates in bromelia to form safe environments for todpoles

Many Bromeliads accumulate water at the base of their leaves, which then serve as safe environments for amphibians.

 

Orchids

Orchids are among the most numerous flowering species in the plant kingdom. Just in the Amazon rainforest more than 20,000 species are known, where they usually occur on branches as Epiphytes. Orchid flowers are found in all sorts of forms and colours and therefore many are cultivated by  horticulturalists as people value how their flowers stay fresh much longer, their shapes and colors are truly amazing.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Jungle flower as they decorate the Amazon rainforest plants.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Amazon rainforest plants on a Macrolobium tree in the Laguna Grande, EcuadorPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Amazon jungle orchid is one of the many Amazon rainforest plantsPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Amazon rainforest plants include the Orchids growing in Cuyabeno.

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Yellow orchid belonging to the Amazon rainforest plantsPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: White and Purple Orchid belonging to the Amazon rainforest plants.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Green orchids are common among the Amazon rainforest plants.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Bright orchid are very popular among the Amazon rainforest plants.

The colors and shapes of orchids never stop to fascinate us.

 

Vines

Vines have also developed in response to the low light conditions in mature forests, but their survival strategy is much different: they grow along tree trunks. Using their support, they can grow incredibly fast toward the sunlight in the tree crowns. Holding on to trees with sucker roots, tendrils or by winding themselves along their host tree they make up an important part of the Amazon jungle. Lianas may grow to hundreds of meters and spread across a football field in the canopy.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Liana or vine reaching for the tree crowns.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Liana or vine in the tropical rainforest are abundant among the Amazon rainforest plants.

Tropical vines or lianas: In the picture on the right you can see how few plants grow on the dark rainforest floor.

 

Strangler vines

In fact, strangler Figs completely wrap the trunk of a host tree until the latter ultimately dies becoming "strangled". After the host tree dies, the original trunk decomposes and new tree has a hollow central core.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Strangle vine or"Banyan"  is an Amazon rainforest plants refered to as figs.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Strangle Vine or "Banyan"  in the Amazon.

Different stages of strangler vines.

 

Heliconias

Heliconias  are plants with exuberantly colored and shaped flowers of the Amazon rainforest of Peru. In fact, they are getting to be highly values as ornamentals.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: heliconia are well-represented among the Amazon rainforest plants.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: heliconias are common Amazon rainforest plants. PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Heliconia Amazon rainforest plant.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Heliconia, Amazon rainforest plant, Ecuador

Heliconias are highly values as ornamentals with their brightly colored flowers and fascinating shapes.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Purple Amazon rainforest plant.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Flower of a plant in the Amazon Rainforest.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Red flower of Amazon Forest plant.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Yellow flowers of cactus in the amazon rainforest.

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Cuyabeno River Amazon rainforest plant.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Cuyabeno River marsh Amazon rainforest plant flower.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Amazon tributary rainforest marsh plant flower.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Upper Amazon rainforest plant: Butterfly Pea

Just a few flowers that we saw among the plants and trees in the Amazon Rainforest of Peru.

 

Coniferous trees in South America

There are no native pine trees in South America. In fact, the most southern pine trees in the Americas are in Central America en Nicaragua. But there are some conifers in South America, most notably Podocarpus trees, in Peru, in Podocarpus National Park, and in Argentina you will find the Monkey Puzzle Tree, Araucaria araucana, but other than those, all South American conifers, like the common Pinus Radiata in the Andes of Peru, are introduced species from the North.

 

Macrolobium swamp forests in the Amazon

From the Andes foothills to the Atlantic Ocean, the elevation difference is only about 300m over a distance of about 3000km, in other words an average of 10cm per kilometer. Under such circumstances flooding is very common and there are many swamp forests. One of those swamp forests is the Macrolobium forest at border with Ecuador, one of the most wildlife rich parts of the jungle, which can be best visited from Ecuador. Macrolobium trees are covered with countless epiphytes, which in some cases may reach a layers of up to 1m thick.

 

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Macrolobium swamp forestPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Macrolobium treePERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Macrolobium ancient hollow treePERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Macrolobium covered with epiphytes

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: sunset in macrolobium swampPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: macrolobium floweringPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: flowers of macrolobiumPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: fruits of Macrolobium

 

The Macrolobium groves are located in the shallow flooded zones of the Cuyabeno and other lakes, including at Lagarta Coche at the border with Peru. These bonsay shaped legume trees stand in water at depth where other trees can't survive; as mucho as 3m deep during high water levels. During the dry season, when they are flowering they may occasionally stand dry. Their leaves are the favorite browse for hoatzins, while the sometimes 1 meter thick carpet of epifytes for micro-ecosystems in their own right.

 

Other impressive tree forms

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: fig tree in the AmazonPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: hollow fig treePERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: epifytic fernsPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Fresh water "mangrove"

 

Some of the forest giants are so tall and heavy, that they need buttress roots to support them, while some of them actually grow in hollow shapes. Much of their weight is due to thick covers of epiphytes, that can absorb large quantities of water that  weigh down the trees. Other trees live along lake or river shores and have large numbers of roots growing down from their branches, thus resembling "fresh water mangroves".

 

Mushrooms

PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: rainforest mushroomPERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Amazon Rainforest mushroom.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Fungus in Amazon Rainforest.PERU AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANTS AND FLOWERS FACTS: Purple mushroom in the Amazon rainforest.

 

In fact, with so many Peru Amazon rainforest plants and flowers, mushrooms and fungi are more important as decomposers that bacteria. They efficiently take care of tree trunks but they are also cruel predators on live trees and even insects and other critters. On the left a symbiotic fungus that covers the entire bark of a tree, and glows in the night. Another fungus grows in a live tree, while at the right a fungus growing from the body of an ant that it killed.

 

 

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Just look at the quality of our high resolution pictures. We took them all ourselves. We have thousands of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. These pictures show that we have been everywhere in the country of your interest and really know the details. We are professional explorers and biologists with MSc and PhD.

 

National Parks Tours Worldwide, a social responsibility and conservation company, is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA.

 

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