NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

HIGHLIGHTS, WHERE THEY ARE AND HOW TO VISIT THEM


 

 

PERUVIAN COASTAL DESERT

PERUVIAN COASTAL DESERT: Many Pre-inca adobe pyramids, Nazca & Paracas Petroglyphs, Bird islands & nature reserves with fascinating marine wildlife & birds....

Peruvian Coastal Desert

The coast of Peru varies from a semi-desert in the North near the border with Ecuador, to an almost lifeless desert in the South. As one rises from sea level to the high Andes, humidity increases mildly, although never to a level that agriculture can be practiced until one rises to the altiplano above 3500m and even then, conditions are often very restricted. And yet, the coastal region has some very productive plantations at the few locations where rivers run down from the mountains, where they can be caught and diverted into irrigation systems. Thus 4% of the coastal region consists of agricultural land, although increasingly, those lands are converted into urban areas and more and more water is used for drinking water.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Peru is so famous, and on top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site LimaWorld Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

The landscape of the coast often consists of a narrow coastal plane which often drops off from cliffs into the sea, while the roughed dry landscapes are lined by the towering slopes of the Andes in the background. At different locations along the coast, one finds extremely interesting archaeological sites, as well as some very interesting desert nature reserves, like Paracas National Park and San Fernando National Reserve.

 

Moreover,  Peru has a number of fantastic insular reserves with incredible bird nesting and Sea Lion colonies. This is not surprising, as Peru has some of the world's most productive seas in the world. in fact, the coastal sea constitutes a 4th ecological zone in the Peruvian territory. This is due to the Humboldt current that flows from the Antarctic seas past the coast of Peru, to bend off towards the West, passing by the Galapagos Islands. Being some 5 °C cooler than the surrounding tropical currents, the Humboldt current produces enormous shoals of Anchovy, the staple food for hundreds of thousands marine birds and Sea Lions. Small rocky islands off the shore of Peru privde ideal safe nesting and roosting sites and some of them can be visited from boats that get close enough to get a real good view of the birds and Sea Lions. As the islands can not be visited on land, tourism has very little impact on the animals, while visitors get fantastic views of totally fearless animals, similar to Galapagos but in much greater numbers!

 

Not only marine birds and mammals have noticed the rich Anchovy shoals. Tuna and many other large fish species prey on them, and of course, the fishing industry too has notices the abundance of fish and Peru is one of the most important fishing nations in the world. Originally, Peru had become a world player in fertilizer with guano, the bird manure accumulated on the bird islands, but original production levels have been exhausted and now fishing has become one of the pillars of Peru's economy, providing employment to many Peruvians. Much of the catch is converted into fish meal and fertilizer. However, periodic, changes in the coastal currents, decimate marine productivity, decreasing fish catch up to a factor of ten, while tropical rains wreak havoc on the coastal planes causing flooding and disruption of the irrigation based agriculture. This occurs every few decades when the warm current from northern Ecuador, known as El Niño, flows further South. Such El Niño events may last for several years and have a devastating effect on the Peruvian economy as well as on the marine wildlife.

 


 

Climate of the Coast of Peru

CLIMATE OF THE COAST OF PERU: INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

The climatic conditions along the coast gradually change from semi desert or arid at the border with Ecuador to one of the driest desert climates in the world in the center and south, even though some variations occur, either to still drier conditions or to more humid conditions due to intense fog formation caused by the Humboldt current.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places for which Peru is so famous, and on top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site LimaWorld Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

In Capital Lima, rain is rare, even though half of the year, the sky is overcast. During the winter on the southern Hemisphere, from June to October, the temperature may barely reach 20 °C, the sky is overcast and a morning fog or drizzle may bring some precipitation, while humidity is high. In summer, from December to April, the weather often is a bit sunnier but it may still be cloudy; temperatures may get as high as 29 °C. Night temperatures vary from 14 °C in winter to 20 °C in summer. Like anywhere else on the coast of Peru, the climate gets seriously disrupted during El Niño years, when currents from the North bring considerable warmer water to the coast. Air temperatures rise considerably and heavy rains wreak havoc on the desert environments.

 

Rivers, however flow down from the Andes highlands, thereby bringing water for irrigation, and everywhere around river beds along the coast, one finds irrigated systems and highly productive farms in spite of the desert nature of the climate of the coast of Peru.

 

Climate data for Lima

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

25.8
(78.4)

26.5
(79.7)

26.0
(78.8)

24.3
(75.7)

21.7
(71.1)

19.7
(67.5)

18.7
(65.7)

18.4
(65.1)

18.7
(65.7)

19.9
(67.8)

21.9
(71.4)

23.9
(75)

22.1
(71.8)

Average low °C (°F)

19.1
(66.4)

19.4
(66.9)

19.2
(66.6)

17.6
(63.7)

16.1
(61)

15.3
(59.5)

15.0
(59)

14.6
(58.3)

14.6
(58.3)

15.2
(59.4)

16.4
(61.5)

17.7
(63.9)

16.7
(62.1)

Precipitation mm (inches)

0.9
(0.035)

0.3
(0.012)

4.9
(0.193)

0.0
(0)

0.1
(0.004)

0.3
(0.012)

0.3
(0.012)

0.3
(0.012)

5.4
(0.213)

0.2
(0.008)

0.0
(0)

0.3
(0.012)

13.0
(0.512)

 % humidity

81.6

82.1

82.7

85.0

85.1

85.1

84.8

84.8

85.5

83.5

82.1

81.5

82.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours

179.1

169.0

139.2

184.0

116.4

50.6

28.6

32.3

37.3

65.3

89.0

139.2

1,230

 

The climate in the city of Nazca is even dryer that that of Lima; many days start out being overcast, but then, the skies often clear up by 9:00hrs in the morning, which is important for the flights over the Nazca lines. Closer to the coast however, in the San Fernando National Reserve, the weather is often very windy and frequently rather chilly. So, bring a jacket.

 

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

30.7
(87.3)

31.3
(88.3)

31.3
(88.3)

30.4
(86.7)

28.3
(82.9)

27.1
(80.8)

25.3
(77.5)

26.5
(79.7)

28.3
(82.9)

28.9
(84)

29.8
(85.6)

30.0
(86)

28.99
(84.17)

Average low °C (°F)

16.8
(62.2)

17.8
(64)

16.9
(62.4)

14.8
(58.6)

12.2
(54)

9.3
(48.7)

7.9
(46.2)

9.3
(48.7)

10.1
(50.2)

11.5
(52.7)

12.4
(54.3)

14.9
(58.8)

12.83
(55.07)

Precipitation mm (inches)

2
(0.08)

2
(0.08)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

0
(0)

4
(0.16)

Source: Climate-data.org

An important element of the climate at the coast of Peru, is that the sea water never gets tropically warm due to the Humboldt current, while during long periods of the year the weather does not get very hot either, as the sky is overcast with a deck of clouds from which it rarely rains.

Coastal Desert of Peru: Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca. Coastal Desert of Peru: Tree in the Cerro Blanco desert at Nazca.

Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca.

Tree in the Cerro Blanco desert at Nazca.

   
Coastal Desert of Peru: Hairy cactus in the desert of Nazca. Coastal Desert of Peru: Old Man Cactus in the desert east of Nazca.

Hairy cactus in the desert of Nazca.

Old Man Cactus in the desert east of Nazca.

   
Coastal Desert of Peru: Huarango or Millennium Tree, so called for its potential aging in grove near Nazca. Coastal Desert of Peru: The hardwood of the Millennium Tree was used by the Incas for the roofs of their aquaducts.

Huarango or Millennium Tree, so called for its potential aging in grove near Nazca.

The hardwood of the Millennium Tree was used by the Incas for the roofs of their aqueducts. Over the centuries, all old groves have vanished, but the tree still survives in small groves along intermittent streams.

   
Coastal Desert of Peru: Tree cactus half way up the Andes dominate the dry highland desert. Coastal Desert of Peru: Cactus flowers are the jewels of the coastal desert of Peru.

Tree cactus half way up the Andes dominate the dry highland desert.

Cactus flowers are the jewels of the Peruvian coastal desert.

   
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The fishing industry is one of the pillars of the Peruvian economy.

   

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