NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 

COASTAL PERU AND ITS CITIES

COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Many Pre-inca adobe pyramids, Nazca & Paracas Petroglyphs, Bird islands & nature reserves with fascinating marine wildlife & birds....

 

Coastal Peru

The coast of Peru varies from a semi-desert in the North near the border with Ecuador, to an almost lifeless desert in the South. As one rises from sea level to the high Andes, humidity increases mildly, although never to a level that agriculture can be practiced until one rises to the altiplano above 3500m and even then, conditions are often very restricted. And yet, the coastal region has some very productive plantations at the few locations where rivers run down from the mountains, where they can be caught and diverted into irrigation systems. Thus 4% of the coastal region consists of agricultural land, although increasingly, those lands are converted into urban areas and more and more water is used for drinking water. 

 

Coastal Cities of Peru

In spite of the water scarcity, with already half of the population of Peru living in Lima, the majority of the population of Peru lives along the coast. Major coastal cities of Peru include Lima, and major cities north of Lima: Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura. all north of Lima. Coastal cities of Peru, South of Lima are few, due to the fact that there are not many suitable locations of harbor development. The harbor city of Pisco is the southernmost major harbor of Peru.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places Peru is so famous for. On top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site Lima,  World Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

Landscape of Coastal Peru

The landscape of the coast often consists of a narrow coastal plane which often drops off from cliffs into the sea, while the roughed dry landscapes are lined by the towering slopes of the Andes in the background. At different locations along the coast, one finds extremely interesting archaeological sites, as well as some very interesting desert nature reserves, like Paracas National Park and San Fernando National Reserve.

 

Nature of Coastal Peru

Moreover,  Peru has a number of fantastic insular reserves with incredible bird nesting and Sea Lion colonies. This is not surprising, as Peru has some of the world's most productive seas in the world. in fact, the coastal sea constitutes a 4th ecological zone in the Peruvian territory. This is due to the Humboldt current that flows from the Antarctic seas past the coast of Peru, to bend off towards the West, passing by the Galapagos Islands. Being some 5 °C cooler than the surrounding tropical currents, the Humboldt current produces enormous shoals of Anchovy, the staple food for hundreds of thousands marine birds and Sea Lions. Small rocky islands off the shore of Peru privde ideal safe nesting and roosting sites and some of them can be visited from boats that get close enough to get a real good view of the birds and Sea Lions. As the islands can not be visited on land, tourism has very little impact on the animals, while visitors get fantastic views of totally fearless animals, similar to Galapagos but in much greater numbers!

 

Not only marine birds and mammals have noticed the rich Anchovy shoals. Tuna and many other large fish species prey on them, and of course, the fishing industry too has notices the abundance of fish and Peru is one of the most important fishing nations in the world. Originally, Peru had become a world player in fertilizer with guano, the bird manure accumulated on the bird islands, but original production levels have been exhausted and now fishing has become one of the pillars of Peru's economy, providing employment to many Peruvians. Much of the catch is converted into fish meal and fertilizer. However, periodic, changes in the coastal currents, decimate marine productivity, decreasing fish catch up to a factor of ten, while tropical rains wreak havoc on the coastal planes causing flooding and disruption of the irrigation based agriculture. This occurs every few decades when the warm current from northern Ecuador, known as El Niño, flows further South. Such El Niño events may last for several years and have a devastating effect on the Peruvian economy as well as on the marine wildlife.

 

 

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

The climatic conditions along the coast gradually change from semi desert or arid at the border with Ecuador to one of the driest desert climates in the world in the center and south, even though some variations occur, either to still drier conditions or to more humid conditions due to intense fog formation caused by the Humboldt current.

 

In Capital Lima, rain is rare, even though half of the year, the sky is overcast. During the winter on the southern Hemisphere, from June to October, the temperature may barely reach 20 °C, the sky is overcast and a morning fog or drizzle may bring some precipitation, while humidity is high. In summer, from December to April, the weather often is a bit sunnier but it may still be cloudy; temperatures may get as high as 29 °C. Night temperatures vary from 14 °C in winter to 20 °C in summer. Like anywhere else on the coast of Peru, the climate gets seriously disrupted during El Niño years, when currents from the North bring considerable warmer water to the coast. Air temperatures rise considerably and heavy rains wreak havoc on the desert environments.

 

Rivers, however flow down from the Andes highlands, thereby bringing water for irrigation, and everywhere around river beds along the coast, one finds irrigated systems and highly productive farms in spite of the desert nature of the climate on the coast of Peru.

 

An important element of the climate at the coast of Peru, is that the sea water never gets tropically warm due to the Humboldt current, while during long periods of the year the weather does not get very hot either, as the sky is overcast with a deck of clouds from which it rarely rains.

 

Climate data for Trujillo (Capitán FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1943–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
35.0
(95)
32.7
(90.9)
30.0
(86)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
30.5
(86.9)
28.0
(82.4)
29.5
(85.1)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.1
(70)
20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.8
(64)
18.0
(64.4)
16.8
(62.2)
15.7
(60.3)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
14.1
(57.4)
14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
14.6
(58.3)
14.7
(58.5)
15.5
(59.9)
Record low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
9.8
(49.6)
8.0
(46.4)
11.1
(52)
10.0
(50)
7.0
(44.6)
8.0
(46.4)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
8.8
(47.8)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
0.8
(0.031)
1.8
(0.071)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
4.3
(0.169)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 3.9
Average relative humidity (%) 84 81 81 82 86 84 86 85 86 86 84 82 84
Source #1: NOAA, Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[
precipitation days 1970–1990 and humidity 1975–1985

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA, PERU

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA, PERU: CLIMATE DATA ON WEATHER, RAINFALL & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA, PERU

Lima, peru, has a rather peculiar climate. Despite being in the tropics, daytime temperatures may be as low as 18 °C in winter (June - September) on a chilly day and 29 °C at a hot day during the summer (January - April); in other words, never very cold nor very hot. Nights vary from 14 °C in winter and 20 °C in summer. Rainfall is minimal, 1 - 60 mm per year, but in spite of that, the skies are usually overcast, except during the winter, which has the most hours of sunshine. Humidity is high throughout the year. During the winter, the skies may be blue, so winter is the best time to visit Lima but Machu Picchu is a different story, where the best weather coincides with the vacation time of North America and Europe.

All this is due to the cooling effect of the cool Humboldt current coming from the Antarctic, bringing cool air on land, where the relatively higher temperatures prevent the formation of rain.

 

However, during Niño years, when the sea temperatures rise from around 18 °C to above 25 °C. With the water temperature, also the atmospheric temperatures rise and rainfall drastically increases. On the other hand, during Niña years, temperatures drop below average and rainfall is practically absent.

 

Lima lies at an elevation of about 100 m and has the following climate data:

Climate data for Lima, Peru

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

25.8
78.4

26.5
79.7

26.0
78.8

24.3
75.7

21.7
71.1

19.7
67.5

18.7
65.7

18.4
65.1

18.7
65.7

19.9
67.8

21.9
71.4

23.9
75

22.1
71.8

Average low °C °F

19.1
66.4

19.4
66.9

19.2
66.6

17.6
63.7

16.1
61

15.3
59.5

15.0
59

14.6
58.3

14.6
58.3

15.2
59.4

16.4
61.5

17.7
63.9

16.7
62.1

Precipitation mm inches

0.9
0.035

0.3
0.012

4.9
0.193

0.0
0

0.1
0.004

0.3
0.012

0.3
0.012

0.3
0.012

5.4
0.213

0.2
0.008

0.0
0

0.3
0.012

13.0
0.512

 % humidity

81.6

82.1

82.7

85.0

85.1

85.1

84.8

84.8

85.5

83.5

82.1

81.5

82.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours

179.1

169.0

139.2

184.0

116.4

50.6

28.6

32.3

37.3

65.3

89.0

139.2

1,230

Source 1: World Meteorological Organisation UN

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA, PERU: the Huaco Mateo Saladco pyramid.BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA, PERU: BLUE SKIES

Blue skies only appear during a few months, from January - April.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES DRAWINGS

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Best Time of the Year to visit the Nazca Lines Drawings

Nazca lies at an elevation of around 500 m and has a desert climate, due to the Humboldt current. Often the days begin with an overcast sky, but clouds disappear by 9:00 - 10:00, allowing for flights over the Nazca lines. Down at the coast of San Fernando National Reserve, the climate is even drier, with hardly any precipitation at all. The little vegetation that one finds there probably depends on moisture brought in by nightly fogs.

 

As one rises from Nazca to Pampa Galeras, humidity gradually rises, while temperatures fall, which makes for fascinating desert vegetation transitions over very short distances.

 

The climate in the city of Nazca is even dryer that that of Lima; many days start out being overcast, but then, the skies often clear up by 9:00hrs in the morning, which is important for the flights over the Nazca lines. So, Every day is the best time of the year to visit the Nazca Lines Drawings. Closer to the coast however, in the San Fernando National Reserve, the weather is often very windy and frequently rather chilly. Bring a jacket.

 

Climate of Nazca

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

30.7
87.3

31.3
88.3

31.3
88.3

30.4
86.7

28.3
82.9

27.1
80.8

25.3
77.5

26.5
79.7

28.3
82.9

28.9
84

29.8
85.6

30.0
86

28.99
84.17

Average low °C °F

16.8
62.2

17.8
64

16.9
62.4

14.8
58.6

12.2
54

9.3
48.7

7.9
46.2

9.3
48.7

10.1
50.2

11.5
52.7

12.4
54.3

14.9
58.8

12.83
55.07

Precipitation mm inches

2
0.08

2
0.08

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
0.16

Source: Climate-data.org UN, Climate of Nazca

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES DRAWINGS: Cahuachi pyramid. BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES DRAWINGS: San Fernando National Reserve visit with dune buggy.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: City complex.CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: The sparse vegetation of Bromeliads holding together dune formation.CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: Steep cliffs and lower lying beaches form an ideal landscape for marine and shore birdsCLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca.

The climate of the Coast of Peru, is some of the most arid climates worldwide.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca. COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Tree in the Cerro Blanco desert at Nazca.

Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca.

Tree in the Cerro Blanco desert at Nazca.

   
COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Hairy cactus in the desert of Nazca. COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Old Man Cactus in the desert east of Nazca.

Hairy cactus in the desert of Nazca.

Old Man Cactus in the desert east of Nazca.

   
COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Huarango or Millennium Tree, so called for its potential aging in grove near Nazca. COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: The hardwood of the Millennium Tree was used by the Incas for the roofs of their aquaducts.

Huarango or Millennium Tree, so called for its potential aging in grove near Nazca.

The hardwood of the Millennium Tree was used by the Incas for the roofs of their aqueducts. Over the centuries, all old groves have vanished, but the tree still survives in small groves along intermittent streams.

   
COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Tree cactus half way up the Andes dominate the dry highland desert. COASTAL CITIES OF PERU: Cactus flowers are the jewels of the coastal desert of Peru.

Tree cactus half way up the Andes dominate the dry highland desert.

Cactus flowers are the jewels of the desert.

   
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The fishing industry, particularly concentrated in the coastal city of Peru. the harbor if Pisco, is one of the pillars of the Peruvian economy.

 

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Just look at the quality of our high resolution pictures. We took them all ourselves. We have thousands of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. These pictures show that we have been everywhere in the country of your interest and really know the details. We are professional explorers and biologists with MSc and PhD.

 

National Parks Tours Worldwide, a social responsibility and conservation company, is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA.

 

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Parks Man Dr. Daan Vreugdenhil is author of this website. He dedicated his life to the conservation of nature. https://www.facebook.com/DrDaanVreugdenhil, https://www.linkedin.com/in/drdaanvreugdenhil/. He was part of the team that selected the first 39 protected areas of Ecuador, including. Yasuní and Cuyabeno, the latter of which he he later recommended to be expanded from originally 150,000ha to 600,000ha, together with then Cuyabeno director Prof. Dr. Flavio Coello and Parks and Tribes partner. Daan is also the founding father of the Cuyabeno Lodge and co-manager of the Cofan Lodge.