NATIONAL PARKS SAFARIS ETHIOPIA

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HARAR, ETHIOPIA

HARAR, ETHIOPIA, FAMOUS FOR ITS HYENA MAN BUT FAR MORE INTERESTING IS JUGOL - OLD-TOWN HARAR - UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE - historic buildings within only walled city south of Sahara

Harar, Ethiopia

Harar Jugol, is old-town Harar within the embattlemented wall. With a population of about 150,000, Harar is located on a hilltop at an elevation of 1,885masl in the eastern extension of the Ethiopian Highlands, at a road distance of ± 525km east of Addis Ababa and a road distance of ± 50 km south-east of Dire Daweat. Called Gey "the City" by its inhabitants, Harar was founded between the 7th and the 11th century and emerged as the center of Islamic culture and religion in the Horn of Africa.

 

Why consider booking our our Ethiopia Culture & National Parks modules? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL cultural places Ethiopia is so famous for, and on top of that, you get to see up to 12 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a conservation forester. There is nothing similar on the market. As Ethiopia can be combined with other East African countries, we organize tours in modules. Destinations Overview: Historical Circuit; Danakil Depression; Eathern Route; Simien Mountains; Bale Mountains; Southern Parks Safari; Gambella; Addis Ababa BUT WAIT: if you buy your international ticket with Ethiopia Airlines, they will sell the internal flights at a price that you can't even ride the bus for. But you MUST plan it all in one package and making changes will be very costly. So let us help you plan your entire trip for an incredibly low price!

 

Harar Jugol is a walled Muslim city with 368 narrow alleyways, said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam, with 82 mosques and 102 shrines dating back to the 10th century. The ± 3,5km almost 4m high fortified city wall was completed in the 16th century after the conquest of the Christian highlands, and it served as capital of the Harari Kingdom from 1520 to 1568, becoming an independent emirate in the 17th century. The old walled city, Harar Jugol with 5 gates, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in recognition of its cultural and architectonic heritage. It is sometimes known in Arabic as "the City of Saints" ("Madinat al-Awilya").

 

The 16th century was Harar's Golden Age. The local culture flourished, and many poets lived and wrote there. It also became known for coffee, weaving, basketry and bookbinding. A war of conquest expanded the territory and threatened the existence of Christian Ethiopian Empire. Emir Nur ibn Mujahid, built the embattlemented 4 m high curtain wall, called Jugol, around the city with five gates.

 

Arthur Rimbaud, a famous French poet lived in the city as the representative of commercial companies trading in coffee, musk and skins. The Rimbaud House is now a museum. The Harar Brewery's beer can be sampled at its social club adjacent to the brewery. An old tradition involves the feeding spotted hyenas, which can bee watched by tourists after dawn.

 

The people of Harar claim that the domesticated coffee plant came from Harar, but the precise origin remains rather mystic. The word itself seems to refer to the Kaffa Region, where it still grows in the wild. The Harar region also may be the place where the khat plant became in use as a mind stimulant.

 

From Harar, one can visit the highest "amba" overlooking the city, the Kondudo mountain, which hosts a population of feral horses and a stalactite cave which rates among the 5 finest of Africa, locally know as the Gursum Pearl Cave. The latter is not yet developed and visits are a total expedition with no trails going to the caves, let alone inside the caves, which are without light.

 

At about 25km from the city is the Babile Elephant Sanctuary, the best park in Ethiopia to see Elephants. Other nearby attractions include the Prison House of Lij Eyasu in the Gara Mulleta Mountains.

 

Climate data for Harar

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C (°F)

18.9
(66)

20.0
(68)

20.5
(68.9)

21.1
(70)

21.1
(70)

20.0
(68)

18.9
(66)

18.0
(64.4)

18.9
(66)

20.0
(68)

19.4
(66.9)

19.4
(66.9)

19.68
(67.43)

Average low °C (°F)

8.9
(48)

9.9
(49.8)

10.9
(51.6)

13.9
(57)

15.1
(59.2)

14.3
(57.7)

14.6
(58.3)

14.4
(57.9)

 

11.4
(52.5)

10.0
(50)

9.5
(49.1)

12.2
(53.95)

Rainfall mm (inches)

12
(0.47)

30
(1.18)

55
(2.17)

97
(3.82)

126
(4.96)

99
(3.9)

145
(5.71)

121
(4.76)

94
(3.7)

42
(1.65)

28
(1.1)

9
(0.35)

858
(33.77)

 

Gate at market of Harar, Ethiopia

Main gate of Harar, Ethiopia

Left: Market at Gate of Harar.

Above: Main gate of Harar Jugol, Ethiopia.

Market scenes of Harar.

Continuous supply of firewood from the hills are brought into Harar, exhausting the surrounding forests.

Continuous supply of firewood from the hills are brought into the city, exhausting the surrounding forests.

Street scene in a narrow street in Harar, Ethiopia Cobble-stoned street in Harar, Ethiopia

Street scene in a narrow street in Harar, Ethiopia.

Mekina Girgir, or Machine Road, is a cobbled street in Harar where tailors work on their sewing machines.

   
Famous historical houses with balconies in Harar, Ethiopia The Mesob restaurant in Harar, Ethiopia, is one of the more pleasant restaurants attending to tourists.

Famous historical Harar houses with balconies.

The Mesob restaurant in Harar, Ethiopia, is one of the more pleasant restaurants attending to tourists.

   
The living rooms of traditional houses in Harar are centred around an elevated pillowed sitting area with an oriental rug. The living rooms of traditional houses in Harar are richly decorated with baskets, pans and vases.

The living rooms of traditional houses in Harar are centered around an elevated pillowed sitting area with an oriental rug.

The walls of the living rooms are richly decorated with baskets, pans and vases.

   
The Al Jami Mosque, of Harar, supposedly dating back to the middleages, is interesting, but judging from its style it is more likely it was built last century. Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud, influencial French poet lived in the Rimbaud House in Harar, Ethiopia, while working for the Bardey Company.

The Al Jami Mosque, of Harar, supposedly dating back to the middleages, is interesting, but judging from its style it is more likely it was built last century.

Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud, influencial French poet lived in the Rimbaud House in Harar, Ethiopia, while working for the Bardey Company.

 

Harar Hyena

 
Harar Hyena man with spotted hyenas. Harar hyena man feeding spotted hyenas bones.
Hyena man invites lady tourist from the public to feed spotted hyenas in Harar. Harar Hyena feeding. Hyena man showing wild urban spotted hyenas to tourists

Harar Hyena man invites lady tourist from the public for hyena feeding in Harar, Ethiopia.

Harar Hyena man showing his wild urban spotted hyenas to tourists. Like in so many other cities in Ethiopia, hyenas live within the cities, like stray dogs living off garbage and snatching domestic animals.

 

This fabulous travel itinerary takes you to Harar:

AWASH - HARAR - BABILE MODULE

ETHIOPIAN DESERTS. DISCOVER THE MAGIC OF TH ETHIOPIAN DESERTS & NATIONAL PARKS with former professional to Ethiopian Park Service

Day 1: ADDIS ABABA - AWASH NATIONAL PARK, road distance ± 225km

  1. Awash falls;

  2. Gallery forest along the Awash River;

  3. Filhowa springs.

 

Day 2: AWASH NATIONAL PARK - HARAR, ± 300km

  1. Lakes Adele & Lange for watching wader birds;

  2. City tour, including;

  3. Hyena man.

 

Day 3: HARAR - BABILE ELEPHANT SANCTUARY, distance ± 25km

  1. Elephant sanctuary;

  2. Sleep in hotel in Harar.

 

Day 4: KONDUDO MOUNTAIN, ± 20km

  1. Visit Kondudo Mountain with feral horses;

  2. Visit Gursum Pearl Cave with stalactite and stalagmite formations;

  3. Sleep in hotel in Harar.

 

Day 5: HARAR - ADDIS ABABA, ± 525 km

  1. Return to Addis Ababa;

  2. Bird watching stop at Lakes Adele & Lange.

We offer a 4 days option for $429 without Mount Kondudo and a 5 days option of $549 which includes hotels, meals with alcohol free drinks, entry fees and transportation.

 

Ethiopia modernizes and changes more rapidly than any other country in Africa. Many features may not be there anymore in the near future. If you want to see it the way it was for thousands of years, see it now before it has changed forever! Compose your own once-in-a-lifetime Ethiopia-Africa-Adventure from our affordable modules:

Famous Ethiopia Historical Circuit

Simien Mountains trek or car visit

Danakil Depression and Erte Ale Volcano Expedition

Awash Babile Harar Safari Tour

Ethiopia Central and Southern Parks & Tribes Safari Tour

Bale Mountains National Park and Sof Omar Caves Tour

Gambella National Park Safari

Addis Ababa City Tour & Airport Transfer

All Ethiopia modules and prices together

We designed our itineraries in such a way that you can compose a 2 to 4 weeks journey from different modules that can show you the entire country or just the parts that interest you, all depending on your personal preferences, available time and budget. Email us on your interests and we can discuss a custom program with you by phone (we have phone lines from the USA and Europe) or skype. So, weather you have a great ethnic affinity, are a birdwatcher or want to go on safari, contact us and we work out a customized program that focuses on YOUR interests.

Blue Nile Falls, EthiopiaSt. George Church, LalibelaStellas, Axum, EthiopiaTukuls, Lalibela, EthiopiaElephant bull, Babile, EthiopiaEthiopian Wolf, Bale National Park

Gelada, Simien Mountains National ParkFacilides Bathroom, Gondar, EtiopiaWabia Ibex, Simien MountainsChurch, Lake Tana, EthiopiaErica trees, Bale Mountains National Park.Facilides Castle, Gondar, Ethiopia

Addis Ababa Bole International Airport is home of Ethiopian Airlines, featuring Africa's youngest fleet of the latest intercontinental jet airplanes - including 2 Dreamliners - as well as short-distance Bombardier turboprops for very comfortable, affordable and reliable in-country flights servicing all major cities of Ethiopia. The second best airline of Africa, will fly you non-stop from the USA and Europe to Addis Ababa. Take our 1-week Ethiopia Cultural Monuments Tour and than continue for your Kenya or Tanzania safari - or any other East African capital - thus completing your journey. IF YOU BUY YOUR INTERNATIONAL TICKET FROM ETHIOPIAN AIRLINES, YOU WILL GET MOST INTERNAL FLIGHTS FOR $25 - $35 PER LEG! BUT CHANGING AFTERWARDS IS EXPENSIVE, SO WORK OUT A SCHEDULE WITH US TO GET A FABULOUS DEAL FOR FLYING THROUGH THE COUNTRY IN STEAD OF SPENDING ENDLESS TIME ON THE ROAD!!!

 

Ecotravel Worldwide is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA, a social responsibility and conservation company. About CO2 emission offset for your travels.

Phone USA:

(++)(1) 304 - 581 - 7740

Phone Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (++251) (0) 911 440 915
Email: niks

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