NATIONAL PARKS SAFARIS ETHIOPIA

HIGHLIGHTS, WHERE THEY ARE AND HOW TO VISIT THEM


 

 

 

ENDEMIC WILDLIFE OF ETHIOPIA

ENDEMIC WILDLIFE OF ETHIOPIA: THEIR STATUS, WHERE TO FIND THEM AND HOW TO ORGANIZE A SAFARI TO SEE THEM

Endemic Wildlife of Ethiopia

Ethiopia safaris are different from safaris in the traditional safari countries to its south. National parks in Ethiopia are not teeming with wildlife as one often sees on television. Even though most species of wildlife are still present, numbers in Ethiopia are down in all of its parks. Only few species occur in relatively large numbers, such as buffaloes in Gambella National park, and Zebras in Nechisar National Park.

 

Why consider booking our our Ethiopia Culture & National Parks modules? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL cultural places Ethiopia is so famous for, and on top of that, you get to see up to 12 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a conservation forester. There is nothing similar on the market. As Ethiopia can be combined with other East African countries, we organize tours in modules. Destinations Overview: Historical Circuit; Danakil Depression; Eathern Route; Simien Mountains; Bale Mountains; Southern Parks Safari; Gambella; Addis Ababa BUT WAIT: if you buy your international ticket with Ethiopia Airlines, they will sell the internal flights at a price that you can't even ride the bus for. But you MUST plan it all in one package and making changes will be very costly. So let us help you plan your entire trip for an incredibly low price!

 

However, what is lacks in numbers, is compensated with extremely rare and endemic mammals and endemic birds. Some of the most exiting rare mammal species in Ethiopia are:

  1. African elephant

  2. African Wild Dog

  3. Beira (Antelope)

  4. Dibatag or Clarke's Gazelle

  5. Dorcas Gazelle

  6. Ethiopian Wolf

  7. Gelada

  8. Grevy's Zebra

  9. Mountain Nyala

  10. Pale Tawny Hartebeest

  11. Red-fronted Gazelle

  12. Soemmerring's Gazelle

  13. Somali Wild Ass

  14. Speke's Gazelle

  15. Swayne's Hartebeest

  16. Walia Ibex

Some of these species only survive worldwide with less than 100 individuals like the Somali Wild Ass, or a few hundred animals like the Ethiopian Wolf, the Walia Ibex and the Swayne's Hartebeest. So, in Ethiopia, one goes on safari hoping to see some of the extremely rare and endemic wildlife of Ethiopia, rather than hoping to see large herds with many different species. Some are actually quite easy to see in the wild, like the mountain endemics, while others are so rare that even experts have difficulty finding them, like the Somali Wild Ass. We do have an option to go and try to find them in the Awash valley with the researcher of the species, but no success guaranteed. Special expeditions on request only.

 

Endemic, rare and endangered mammals of Ethiopia

Species

Common Name

Status

Acinonyx jubatus

Cheetah

 

VU

Alcelaphus buselaphus swaynei

Swayne's Hartebeest          

EN

CR

Alcelaphus buselaphus tora

Pale Tawny Hartebeest

R

CR

Ammodorcas clarke

Dibatag or Clarke's Gazelle

R

VU

Arvicanthis abyssinicus

Ethiopian Arvicanthis

EN

 

Arvicanthis blicki

Blick's Grass Rat

EN

NT

Asellia patrizii

Patrizi's Trident Leaf-nosed Bat

 

VU

Canis lupus lupaster

“African Wolf” [1]

 

T?

Canis simensis

Ethiopian Wolf

EN

T

 

 

 

 

Capra walie

Walia Ibex

EN

CR

Chlorocebus djamdjamensis

Bale Mountains Vervet

EN

 

Crocidura baileyi

Bailey's Shrew

EN

NT

Crocidura bottegoides

Bale Shrew

EN

T

Crocidura glassi

Glass's Shrew

EN

VU

Crocidura harenna

Harenna Shrew

EN

CR

Crocidura lucina

Lucina's Shrew

EN

VU

Crocidura macmillani

Macmillan's Shrew

EN

VU

Crocidura phaeura

Guramba Shrew

EN

VU

Crocidura thalia

Thalia's Shrew

EN

 

Dendromus lovati

Lovat's Climbing Mouse

EN

VU

Desmomys harringtoni

Harrington's Desmomys

EN

 

Desmomys yaldeni

Yalden's Desmomys

EN

T

Diceros bicornis

Black Rhinoceros

 

CR

Dorcatragus megalotis

Beira (Antelope)

 

VU

Equus africanus somaliensis

African Wild Ass

 

CR

Equus grevyi

Grevy's Zebra

R

T

Gazella dorcas

Dorcas Gazelle

 

VU

Gazella rufifrons

Red-fronted Gazelle

 

VU

Gazella soemmerringii

Soemmerring's Gazelle

 

VU

Gazella spekei

Speke's Gazelle

 

VU

Grammomys minnae

Ethiopian Thicket Rat

EN

VU

Hipposideros marungensis

 

 

NT

Hipposideros megalotis

Ethiopian Large-eared Roundleaf Bat

 

NT

Kerivoula eriophora

Ethiopian Woolly Bat

EN

 

Lepus starcki

Ethiopian Highland Hare

EN

 

Lissonycteris petraea

Petra Fruit Bat

 

VU

Lophuromys brevicaudus

Short-tailed Brush-furred Rat

EN

NT

Lophuromys brunneus

Thomas's Ethiopian Brush-furred Rat

EN

 

Lophuromys chercherensis

 

EN

 

Lophuromys chrysopus

Ethiopian Forest Brush-furred Rat

EN

NT

Lophuromys flavopunctatus

Ethiopian Buff-spotted Brush-furred Rat

EN

 

Lophuromys melanonyx

Black-clawed Brush-furred Rat

EN

VU

Lophuromys menageshae

 

EN

 

Lophuromys pseudosikapusi

 

EN

 

Loxodonta africana

African elephant

 

VU

Lycaon pictus

African Wild Dog

 

T

Mastomys awashensis

Awash Mastomys

EN

VU

Megadendromus nikolausi

Nikolaus's African Climbing Mouse

EN

 

Miniopterus natalensis

Natal Long-fingered Bat

 

NT

Mormopterus acetabulosus

Natal Free-Tailed Bat

 

VU

Muriculus imberbis

Striped-back Mouse

EN

T

Mylomys rex

Ethiopian Mylomys

EN

 

Myotis morrisi

Morris's Bat

 

VU

Myotis scotti

Scott's Mouse-eared Bat

EN

VU

Nilopegamys plumbeus

Ethiopian Water Mouse

EN

CR

Otomops martiensseni

Large-eared Free-tailed Bat

 

NT

Otomys typus

Otomys fortiori

O. helleri

O. cheesmani

O. yaldeni,

O. simiensis

Ethiopian Vlei Rat

EN

(all 6)

 

Panthera leo

Lion

 

VU

Pipistrellus aero

Mt. Gargues Pipistrelle

 

VU

Plecotus balensis

Ethiopian Long-eared Bat

EN

VU

Rhinolophus blasii

Blasius's Horseshoe Bat

 

NT

Rhinopoma macinnesi

Macinnes's Mouse-tailed Bat

 

VU

Stenocephalemys albipes

White-footed Stenocephalemys

EN

 

Stenocephalemys albocaudata

White-tailed Stenocephalemys

EN

NT

Stenocephalemys griseicauda

Gray-tailed Narrow-headed Rat

EN

NT

Stenocephalemys ruppi

Rupp's Stenocephalemys

EN

 

Tachyoryctes macrocephalus

Big-headed Mole Rat

EN

VU

Tadarida ventralis

African Giant Free-tailed Bat

 

NT

Theropithecus gelada

Gelada

EN

 

Tragelaphus buxtoni

Mountain Nyala

EN

T

EN = Endemic, R = Restricted Range, VU = Vulnerable, NT = Near threatened, T = Threatened, CR = Critically endangered. Data generated from the IUCN Redlist website, http://www.iucnredlist.org, The Animal Diversity website of the University of Michigan,

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu,

[1] Rueness et al. 2011 suggest reassessing Canis lupaster as a new subspecies in the Grey Wolf complex based on DNA findings, rather than a Golden Jackal.

This list of endemic mammals of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa is sited from our document: GAP ANALYSIS OF THE PROTECTED AREAS SYSTEM OF ETHIOPIA.

 

White Eared Kob migrate in a circular pattern over Eastern Ethiopia and South Sudan. Burchell's Zebras are common in several parks, particularly Nechsar National Park.

Endemic to the Sudans and Ethiopia, the White Eared Kob migrate in a circular pattern across the plains of Eastern Ethiopia and South Sudan.

Burchell's Zebras are common in several parks, particularly Nechsar National Park.

 

An often heard question is, what season is better? The wet season or the dry season. The answer is that both have advantages and disadvantages. During the wet season, the landscape is lush green but not all roads are passable. During the dry season, wildlife is better visible among the bushes.

The Mountain Nyala, can be frequently seen in Bale National Park Ethiopian Wolf in Bale National Park

The Mountain Nyala, can be frequently seen in Bale National Park and the surrounding region.

Ethiopian wolfs are a common sighting in Bale and Simien Mountains National Parks.

   
The "Black" Maned Lion was the symbol of the Ethiopian crown. The Walia Ibex is extraordinary species of the Simien Mountains National Park

The Walia Ibex are endemic mammals resident only to Simien Mountains National Park, where they are easily seen.

The "Black" Maned Lion was the symbol of the Ethiopian Emperors and it is considered a subspecies endemic in the Horn of Africa.

 

 

Small herds of Elephants are protected in the Bale Elephant Sanctuary, even though they wander well outside the park.

For some time considered an endemic wildlife species of Ethiopia, DNA analysis have shown that they are the regular species Loxodonta africana. Small herds are protected in the Babile Elephant Sanctuary, but as they wander outside of the park, there lives are not as well protected as is needed.

 

Our most popular Safari tour is our Ethiopia Central and Souther Parks and Tribes Safaritours. But we can significantly increase your endemic wildlife and birds viewing chances by adding Bale Mountains and Simien Mountains National Parks.

ETHIOPIA CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PARKS & TRIBES SAFARI TOUR

WILDLIFE SAFARIS ETHIOPIA. DISCOVER ETHIOPIAN NATIONAL PARKS with former professional to Ethiopian Park Service

8 days. Price: starting at $890.

Day 1: ADDIS ABABA - AWASSA, ± 275km

  1. Stop at Lake Ziway for watching wetland birds;

  2. Abyjata-Shalla Lakes National Park to watch Ostriches and wetland birds at alkaline Lake Abijatta, including potentially Flamingos;

  3. Senkele Wildlife Sanctuary to watch the Swayne's Hartebeest. In this small nature reserve one almost can see the extremely rare Swayson's Hartebeest of which less than 500 survive in the wild, all in Ethiopia;

  4. Spend the night in Awassa.

 

Day 2: AWASSA - YABELLO, ± 410km

  1. Proposed Megado Podacarpus National Monument to take a look at one of the nicest Podocarpus forests of Ethiopia trees up to more than 1m wide and 35m high.

  2. Yabello Wildlife Sanctuary to see the endemic Stresemann's Bushcrow and White-tailed swallows, Burchell's Zebras and other wildlife.

  3. Spend the night at Yabello Motel.

 

Day 3: YABELLO - KONSO, ± 220km

  1. Konso tribal villages at Mecheke, including Konso tribal king's house. Konso is a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site for its traditional landscape with terraces, its uniquely structured villages and huts and for their famous wooden statues;

  2. New York Village, so called after the vertical erosion formations that in the minds of local people look like sky-scrapers. In fact they are hoodoo formations of quartz minerals similar to those in Brice National Park in the USA.

  3. Kanta Lodge, a beautiful brand new lodge in Konso style luxury sleeping cabins and restaurant.

 

Day 4: KONSO - BUSKA LODGE, ± 130km

  1. Drive to Turmi to visit the Hamer People.

  2. Birding at the floodplane of Chelbi Wildlife Reserve

  3. Spend the night at Buska Lodge

 

Day 5:  BUSKA LODGE - JINKA, ± 140km

  1. Early in the morning, drive to the Mursi village in Mago National Park. Mursi women wear clay lip plates that they make from locally dug clay. The men adorn themselves with clay;

  2. game viewing Mago National Park. While wildlife stocks in Mago National Park are down, it is still one of the better places to see extraordinary wildlife;

  3. Sleep at Jinka Resort Hotel.

 

Day 6: JINKA - ARBA MINCH, ± 275km

  1. Long drive until arrival at hotel in Arba Minch, overlooking Nechsar National Park.

  2. If we can get permission from the park we go looking for the mysterious Nechisar Nightjar.

 

Day 7: NETCH SAR PARK AND LAKE CHAMO EXCURSIONS

  1. In the morning drive to Netchsar National Park on the istmus seperating Lake Abaya and Chamo. There still is a herd of the endemic Swayne's hartebeests, Burchell's zebra are very common, greater and lesser kudus are frequently seen, as well as grants gazelle. Out of the more than 180 species of birds recorded, you have a good chance at seeing Secretary bird, Ground hornbill, different species of bustards, etc.

  2. In the afternoon we go on boat ride along the western shore of Lake Chamo to watch African Crocodiles, Hippopotamus and a large variety of wetland birds.

  3. Return to the hotel at night and if permission granted again look for the Nechisar Nightjar.

 

Day 8: ARBA MINCH - ADDIS ABABA, ± 505km

  1. Return to Addis Ababa. Alternatively you have the option to fly back to Addis Ababa at additional costs for the flight, which we would recommend as it is a long ride back to Addis Ababa.

The price of this WILDLIFE SAFARI ETHIOPIA starts at $890 and includes transportation, entry fees, non-alcoholic beverages, tee/coffee at meals, hotels.

 

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