NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 

CLIMATES CHARTS OF PERU

CLIMATE CHARTS OF PERU BY CLIMATE ZONES: DETAILED GRAPHS + MAPS 4 MAJOR CLIMATE ZONES! Rain-drenched to extreme desert; tropically hot jungle to eternal glaciers! Charts & maps

 

Climate Charts of Peru by Climate Zone

As the Andes divide Peru into 3 different altitudinal regions, the country gets divided into 3 different climate zones: Coast, Andes and Amazon. As the Andes forces the air to rise and shed its humidity. However, at a micro level, there are more climate zones, such as the permanent polar conditions on the snow-capped mountains, high elevation deserts in some valleys in the Andes, a fog humidified area surrounded by the coastal desert etc.

 

The climates of Peru in the different macro regions may be totally independent from each other, as the climate charts of Peru beneath clearly show.

CLIMATE CHARTS OF PERU BY CLIMATE ZONES: rainy season Titicaca.CLIMATE CHARTS OF PERU BY CLIMATE ZONES: Rainy wheather Amazon.CLIMATE CHARTS OF PERU BY CLIMATE ZONES: Snow-capped mountains.CLIMATE CHARTS OF PERU BY CLIMATE ZONES:  Desert vegetation.

The climates of Peru vary greatly per climate zone: From the rain-drenched Amazon, the desert of the Peruvian coast, from the snow-capped mountains to the brutal heat of the deserts.

 

 

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

The climatic conditions along the coast gradually change from semi desert or arid at the border with Ecuador to one of the driest desert climates in the world in the center and south, even though some variations occur, either to still drier conditions or to more humid conditions due to intense fog formation caused by the Humboldt current.

 

In Capital Lima, rain is rare, even though half of the year, the sky is overcast. During the winter on the southern Hemisphere, from June to October, the temperature may barely reach 20 °C, the sky is overcast and a morning fog or drizzle may bring some precipitation, while humidity is high. In summer, from December to April, the weather often is a bit sunnier but it may still be cloudy; temperatures may get as high as 29 °C. Night temperatures vary from 14 °C in winter to 20 °C in summer. Like anywhere else on the coast of Peru, the climate gets seriously disrupted during El Niño years, when currents from the North bring considerable warmer water to the coast. Air temperatures rise considerably and heavy rains wreak havoc on the desert environments.

 

Rivers, however flow down from the Andes highlands, thereby bringing water for irrigation, and everywhere around river beds along the coast, one finds irrigated systems and highly productive farms in spite of the desert nature of the climate on the coast of Peru.

 

An important element of the climate at the coast of Peru, is that the sea water never gets tropically warm due to the Humboldt current, while during long periods of the year the weather does not get very hot either, as the sky is overcast with a deck of clouds from which it rarely rains.

 

Climate data for Trujillo (Capitán FAP Carlos Martínez de Pinillos International Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1943–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
35.0
(95)
32.7
(90.9)
30.0
(86)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
27.4
(81.3)
30.5
(86.9)
28.0
(82.4)
29.5
(85.1)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
(77)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.1
(70)
20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
17.8
(64)
18.0
(64.4)
16.8
(62.2)
15.7
(60.3)
15.0
(59)
14.4
(57.9)
14.1
(57.4)
14.0
(57.2)
14.1
(57.4)
14.6
(58.3)
14.7
(58.5)
15.5
(59.9)
Record low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
9.8
(49.6)
8.0
(46.4)
11.1
(52)
10.0
(50)
7.0
(44.6)
8.0
(46.4)
8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
8.8
(47.8)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
0.8
(0.031)
1.8
(0.071)
0.1
(0.004)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
4.3
(0.169)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 3.9
Average relative humidity (%) 84 81 81 82 86 84 86 85 86 86 84 82 84
Source #1: NOAA, Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[
precipitation days 1970–1990 and humidity 1975–1985

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA AND MACHU PICCHU

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA AND MACHU PICCHU: CLIMATE DATA ON WEATHER, RAINFALL & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

 

Best time to visit Lima and Machu Picchu

Lima has a rather peculiar climate. Despite being in the tropics, daytime temperatures may be as low as 18 °C in winter (June - September) on a chilly day and 29 °C at a hot day during the summer (January - April); in other words, never very cold nor very hot. Nights vary from 14 °C in winter and 20 °C in summer. Rainfall is minimal, 1 - 60 mm per year, but in spite of that, the skies are usually overcast, except during the winter, which has the most hours of sunshine. Humidity is high throughout the year. During the winter, the skies may be blue, so winter is the best time to visit Lima but Machu Picchu is a different story, where the best weather coincides with the vacation time of North America and Europe.

All this is due to the cooling effect of the cool Humboldt current coming from the Antarctic, bringing cool air on land, where the relatively higher temperatures prevent the formation of rain.

 

However, during Niño years, when the sea temperatures rise from around 18 °C to above 25 °C. With the water temperature, also the atmospheric temperatures rise and rainfall drastically increases. On the other hand, during Niña years, temperatures drop below average and rainfall is practically absent.

 

Lima lies at an elevation of about 100 m and has the following climate data:

Climate data for Lima, Peru

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

25.8
78.4

26.5
79.7

26.0
78.8

24.3
75.7

21.7
71.1

19.7
67.5

18.7
65.7

18.4
65.1

18.7
65.7

19.9
67.8

21.9
71.4

23.9
75

22.1
71.8

Average low °C °F

19.1
66.4

19.4
66.9

19.2
66.6

17.6
63.7

16.1
61

15.3
59.5

15.0
59

14.6
58.3

14.6
58.3

15.2
59.4

16.4
61.5

17.7
63.9

16.7
62.1

Precipitation mm inches

0.9
0.035

0.3
0.012

4.9
0.193

0.0
0

0.1
0.004

0.3
0.012

0.3
0.012

0.3
0.012

5.4
0.213

0.2
0.008

0.0
0

0.3
0.012

13.0
0.512

 % humidity

81.6

82.1

82.7

85.0

85.1

85.1

84.8

84.8

85.5

83.5

82.1

81.5

82.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours

179.1

169.0

139.2

184.0

116.4

50.6

28.6

32.3

37.3

65.3

89.0

139.2

1,230

Source 1: World Meteorological Organisation UN

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA AND MACHU PICCHU: the Huaco Mateo Saladco pyramid.BEST TIME TO VISIT LIMA AND MACHU PICCHU: BLUE SKIES

Blue skies only appear during a few months, from January - April.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Best Time of the Year to visit the Nazca Lines

Nazca lies at an elevation of around 500 m and has a desert climate, due to the Humboldt current. Often the days begin with an overcast sky, but clouds disappear by 9:00 - 10:00, allowing for flights over the Nazca lines. Down at the coast of San Fernando National Reserve, the climate is even drier, with hardly any precipitation at all. The little vegetation that one finds there probably depends on moisture brought in by nightly fogs.

 

As one rises from Nazca to Pampa Galeras, humidity gradually rises, while temperatures fall, which makes for fascinating desert vegetation transitions over very short distances.

 

The climate in the city of Nazca is even dryer that that of Lima; many days start out being overcast, but then, the skies often clear up by 9:00hrs in the morning, which is important for the flights over the Nazca lines. So, Every day is the best time of the year to visit the Nazca Lines. Closer to the coast however, in the San Fernando National Reserve, the weather is often very windy and frequently rather chilly. Bring a jacket.

 

Climate of Nazca

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

30.7
87.3

31.3
88.3

31.3
88.3

30.4
86.7

28.3
82.9

27.1
80.8

25.3
77.5

26.5
79.7

28.3
82.9

28.9
84

29.8
85.6

30.0
86

28.99
84.17

Average low °C °F

16.8
62.2

17.8
64

16.9
62.4

14.8
58.6

12.2
54

9.3
48.7

7.9
46.2

9.3
48.7

10.1
50.2

11.5
52.7

12.4
54.3

14.9
58.8

12.83
55.07

Precipitation mm inches

2
0.08

2
0.08

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
0.16

Source: Climate-data.org UN, Climate of Nazca

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES: Cahuachi pyramid. BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES: San Fernando National Reserve visit with dune buggy.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: City complex.CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: The sparse vegetation of Bromeliads holding together dune formation.CLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: Steep cliffs and lower lying beaches form an ideal landscape for marine and shore birdsCLIMATE ON THE COAST OF PERU: Cactus at the Cerro Blanco Desert at Nazca.

The climate of the Coast of Peru, is some of the most arid climates worldwide.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

 

CLIMATE OF THE PERUVIAN ANDES

CLIMATE ANDES PERU. INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

 

Climate of the Andes of Peru

In the Andes, he climate varies with the elevations, but in general, the weather in the high Andes, also called Altiplano or Puna is cold. As elevations vary, it is not possible to give temperature data for the entire region. In general, temperatures decrease 0.6 °C per 100 m, while precipitation will increase. In general, rainfall on the Altiplano also increases from the coast to the Amazon.

 

The winter is  from May to September with low precipitation and often sunny skies. The rainy season, with overcast skies, are from December through March. During the summer, average temperatures may not rise all that much, but on a sunny day, it may still feel rather warm, depending also on the elevation. UV is brutal in the high Andes, so always use sunblock.

 

 

CLIMATE OF LAKE TITICACA

CLIMATE OF LAKE TITICACA: INFO ON SEASONS & WEATHER. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Climate Lake Titicaca

The data of the climate of Lake Titicaca and Puno come from Juliaca Airport which lies at about the same elevation and 30km away. It is indicative of the Puna, or altiplano regions, although on the altiplano temperatures and rainfall vary with the elevation.

 

Climate data for Juliaca airport, elevation 3825 m 1961–1990

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

16.7
62.1

16.7
62.1

16.5
61.7

16.8
62.2

16.6
61.9

16.0
60.8

16.0
60.8

17.0
62.6

17.6
63.7

18.6
65.5

18.8
65.8

17.7
63.9

17.08
62.76

Average low °C °F

3.6
38.5

3.5
38.3

3.2
37.8

0.6
33.1

−3.8
25.2

−7.0
19.4

−7.5
18.5

−5.4
22.3

−1.4
29.5

0.3
32.5

1.5
34.7

3.0
37.4

−0.78
30.6

Precipitation mm inches

133.3
5.248

108.7
4.28

98.5
3.878

43.3
1.705

9.9
0.39

3.1
0.122

2.4
0.094

5.8
0.228

22.1
0.87

41.1
1.618

55.3
2.177

85.9
3.382

609.4
23.992

Source: Hong Kong Observatory

 

 

CLIMATE OF LAKE TITICACA: Temperature.

 

CLIMATE OF LAKE TITICACA: rainfall.

 

Rainfall on the altiplano also varies with its west dryer - east wetter position, due to the effects of the Humboldt current. The climate of  Lake Titicaca is chilly, often with temperatures below 0 °C at night while rarely reaching comfortable temperatures in daytime. One should always have a sweater and a jacket at hand, as the temperatures my drop in minutes when a cloud moves in.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

The larger towns in the Andes are not really at the altiplano but a bit lower, with Cusco and Arequipa being the largest Andes towns.

 

BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU

CLIMATE IN CUZCO, PERU. BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU. Hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures

Best time to visit Cusco and Machu Picchu

Cusco lies at an elevation of around 3400 m and has the following climate data:

Data on the Climate of Cusco, 3400m

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high °C °F

27.8
82

27.2
81

26.1
79

26.1
79

28.9
84

25.0
77

25.0
77

25.0
77

27.2
81

28.9
84

27.8
82

30.0
86

30.0
86

Average high °C °F

18.8
65.8

18.8
65.8

19.1
66.4

19.7
67.5

19.7
67.5

19.4
66.9

19.2
66.6

19.9
67.8

20.1
68.2

20.9
69.6

20.6
69.1

20.8
69.4

19.75
67.55

Average low °C °F

6.6
43.9

6.6
43.9

6.3
43.3

5.1
41.2

2.7
36.9

0.5
32.9

0.2
32.4

1.7
35.1

4.0
39.2

5.5
41.9

6.0
42.8

6.5
43.7

4.31
39.77

Record low °C °F

1.1
34

2.2
36

1.7
35.1

−3.9
25

−4.4
24.1

−5.0
23

−8.9
16

−5.0
23

−1.1
30

−1.1
30

−1.1
30

0.0
32

−8.9
16

Precipitation mm inches

145.3
5.72

133.7
5.264

107.0
4.213

43.2
1.701

8.7
0.343

1.5
0.059

4.0
0.157

8.6
0.339

21.8
0.858

39.4
1.551

71.9
2.831

122.7
4.831

707.8
27.867

Avg. precipitation days ≥ 0.1 mm

18

13

11

8

3

2

2

2

7

8

12

16

102

 % humidity

64

66

65

61

55

48

47

46

51

51

52

59

55.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours

143

121

170

210

239

228

257

236

195

198

195

158

2,350

Source 1: World Meteorological Organisation UN, BBC Weather

Source 2: Danish Meteorological Institute

 

CLIMATE CUSCO, PERU; Rainfall graph.BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU: temperature graph.

 

Cusco, located on the Southern hemisphere, has its winter from May to August, which is the dry season with blue skies and cold night, often falling to the freezing point. The winter, from December to March, is the wet season, when skies are often overcast, particularly in the afternoons. So the best time to visit Cusco and Machu Picchu is from April to November. Day temperature vary little in Cusco, making the Cusco climate mild and comfortable.  The climate of Cusco, Peru, extends to much of the Sacred Valey, being the heart of the Inca Empire, Ollantaytambo, the Inca Trail, but not to Machu Picchu or Aguas Calientes.

 

CLIMATE CUSCO, PERU; Cusco Cathedral Basilica, Peru.BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU: San Cristobal Church, Cusco, Peru. BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU: Santo Domingo Church on walls of Coricancha temple, Cusco, Peru. BEST TIME TO VISIT CUSCO AND MACHU PICCHU: Inca wall, Cusco, Peru.

The best time to visit Cusco and Machu Picchu is from April to November, which coincides with the vacation on the Northern hemisphere.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

Machu Picchu lies at an elevation around 2400m, on the Amazon side of the Andes. As a result, it has a much warmer and wetter climate than Cusco. Even though average high temperatures don't seem to vary all that much, when the sun shines it will certainly feel quite hot. The hours of sunshine in these data seem rather optimistic for the rainy season.

 

Climate Data Machu Picchu

             

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Max Daytime Temperature in °C

24

25

25

25

25

25

25

25

26

25

26

26

Min Night-time Temperature in °C

13

13

13

12

11

9

9

10

11

12

13

13

Daily Hours of Sunshine

5

5

5

7

8

8

8

8

7

7

7

6

Precipitation in mm

160

130

110

45

20

10

10

20

30

50

75

120

 

CLIMATE OF AREQUIPA, PERU

Arequipa lies at an elevation of around 2300 m, but at the coastal flanks of the Andes. As a result, the temperatures are lower than for instance at Machu Picchu, which lies at about the same elevation and the rainfall is considerably lower, while the dry season lasts much longer.

 

Data on the Climate of Arequipa, Peru

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

21.5
70.7

21.0
69.8

21.4
70.5

21.7
71.1

21.8
71.2

21.3
70.3

21.4
70.5

21.9
71.4

22.3
72.1

22.6
72.7

22.5
72.5

22.1
71.8

21.8
71.2

Average low °C °F

8.6
47.5

8.8
47.8

8.5
47.3

6.9
44.4

6.3
43.3

5.5
41.9

5.5
41.9

5.5
41.9

6.4
43.5

6.6
43.9

6.6
43.9

7.7
45.9

6.9
44.4

Rainfall mm inches

28.0
1.102

35.6
1.402

21.3
0.839

0.7
0.028

0.2
0.008

0.0
0

0.0
0

1.8
0.071

1.4
0.055

0.2
0.008

1.1
0.043

4.3
0.169

94.6
3.724

Source: World Meteorological Organization

 

CLIMATE AREQUIPA, PERU: A dry climate with lots of sun.CLIMATE AREQUIPA, PERU: In the evening often clouds move in.

At the west flanks of the Andes, Arequipa has a dry climate, lots of sunshine while clouds may move in in the late afternoon.

 

These different weather patterns give an impression of the climate of the Peruvian Andes:

CLIMATE OF THE PERUVIAN ANDES: Huascaran National ParkCLIMATE OF THE PERUVIAN ANDES: Vicuñas at the dried up salt lakes.CLIMATE OF THE PERUVIAN ANDES: Fresh water marsh.CLIMATE OF THE PERUVIAN ANDES: Dry salt lake Andes Peru.

The arid climate of the Peruvian Andes.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

 

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON OF PERU: INFO ON WEATHER & SEASONS. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

Climate of the Amazon of Peru

The climate of Puerto Maldonado is representative for the climate of the Amazon of Peru in de south, including for the lowlands of Manu National Park. However, as the Park ranges from 4000+m to about 200m, one cannot really speak about "the climate of Manu".

 

With an average temperature of 26 °C the climate of the lowlands is hot and humid,  with August and September being the hottest. Annual precipitation exceeds 1,000 mm, with the rainiest season lasts from October to April. An interesting phenomenon, the surazo or friaje is a south-polar wind coming in from the mountains in the south, when temperature may  drop to below 10 °C .

 

Climate in the Amazon of Peru: Puerto Maldonado, Peru 1961-1990

Location of weather station : 12.6 S, 69.2 W, altitude : 256 m

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Jan

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Feb

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Mar

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Apr

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May

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Jun

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Jul

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Aug

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Sep

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Oct

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Nov

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Dec

Mean Maximum
Temperature °C

30.9

30.7

31.0

30.7

29.8

29.0

29.6

31.2

32.0

32.0

31.6

31.1

Mean Minimum
Temperature °C

21.4

21.2

20.9

20.3

18.8

17.4

16.8

17.8

18.8

20.4

21.1

21.3

Rainfall Amount mm

342.6

333.4

274.9

154.2

105.5

57.6

56.8

63.3

98.1

164.4

236.9

279.3

 

In Northern Peru, the climate is somewhat different as you can see from the climate data of Iquitos:

Climate in the Northern Amazon of Peru:  Iquitos, Peru 1961-1990

Location of weather station : 3.7 S, 73.2 W, altitude : 126 m

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Jan

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Feb

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Mar

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Apr

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May

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Jun

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Jul

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Aug

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Sep

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Oct

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Nov

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Dec

Mean Maximum
Temperature °C

31.6

31.7

31.9

31.0

30.6

30.4

30.9

31.6

32.1

31.9

31.9

31.7

Mean Minimum
Temperature °C

22.1

22.0

22.1

22.1

21.9

21.3

20.8

21.1

21.4

21.8

22.1

23.2

Rainfall Amount (mm)

279.0

226.7

279.0

309.8

273.7

190.1

181.9

164.6

189.0

241.9

260.2

282.4

 

The climate of the Amazon of Peru varies greatly with elevation, the distance from the equator and how far east of the Andes one is located.

 

CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU: Amazon weather.CLIMATE IN THE AMAZON PERU: extended swamps characterize the forest.

While it is one of the wettest regions on earth, most days also several hours of sunshine occur.

 

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

What makes us different from so many other tour operators?

Just look at the quality of our high resolution pictures. We took them all ourselves. We have thousands of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. These pictures show that we have been everywhere in the country of your interest and really know the details. We are professional explorers and biologists with MSc and PhD.

 

National Parks Tours Worldwide, a social responsibility and conservation company, is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA.

 

Phone USA:

(++)(1) 304 - 581 - 7740

Email:

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